Cultural-historical thinking and perception of the future


Keywords: future of culture, vector of cultural transformations, culture, cultural tradition, cultural values, methodology, the «conjugacy principle» of D. S. Likhachev

Abstract

The aim of the research, from the one side, is the formulation of the most appropriate approaches for understanding the transformational processes of modern culture, and on the other, the definition of key provisions of the toolkit using which one could reveal the tendencies of the future culture.Radical changes in the modern world are inherent in socio-cultural transformations. Considering the culture as a historically developing mechanism for the reproduction of all socially important values, it becomes clear that it creates and unites modern society, creates the necessary conditions for its fruitful life, fills the ideological and spiritual vacuum and realises the intercivilizational interaction. However, the current state of culture is determined by challenges associated with identifying trends that indicate possible scenarios for the future. In order to clearly reveal these trends, a methodological scheme should be formulated in which the potential for both the life of culture and the historical forms of its manifestation would be embodied. In our opinion, such a scheme should include the following elements: a cultural tradition, a cultural dialogue and a vector of cultural transformations.The cultural tradition determines the historical potential of culture, preserving the basic values of the existence of society, thus indicating the ways of its possible development. Turning to its origins through tradition, culture overcomes historical distance, thereby recreating its integrity in time, for culture is never limited to the content of the present, it seeks to encompass the entire infinity and depth of historical existence and self-awareness the subjects of the cultural and historical process. Cultural dialogue defines the present culture, enables coexistence of cultures to create a single cultural space in order to preserve the individual in each culture. Such dialogue presupposes the development of special communication mechanisms that take into account the peculiar elements of different cultures, and not be rejected as not conforming to the values of one culture. The vector of cultural transformations arises as a result of interpenetration and complementarity of cultural tradition and cultural dialogue, thus embodying the potential of the past and present to ensure the future. D. S. Likhachev formulated the formation of this through the «conjugacy principle», which proceeds from the belief that it is easier to see the general development tendencies that stretch into the distant future in order to stretch a very long mental line into the future, it is necessary to have a sufficiently long counterweight in the past - a line as extended in the past centuries. If we stretch the mental lines from the past to the present, then some of these lines will be so stable in their direction that they can be continued into the future.

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Published
2018-03-11
How to Cite
Forkosh, S. (2018). Cultural-historical thinking and perception of the future. Grani, 21(1), 30-36. https://doi.org/10.15421/17183
Section
Статті