Political stability in conditions of overtaking modernisation: challenges and reference points
AbstractIn contemporary Ukraine after the events of 2013 – 2014 years a lot of attention is paid to the problem of political stability in the context of numerous threats. Moreover, political stability in Ukrainian democratic conditions leads to public sceptical attitude due to the permanent conflict interactions, preconditions for authorities’ conflict, free representation of political interests. However, political stability is a basement for policy’s institutional infrastructure, its complications and the transition to a new level. Political modernization has traditionally represented the necessity of the renewal of the political system which should bring it to the level of the best world standards. The political progress and sustainable functional democracy are inaccessible, contrary to the fact that Western societies always improve their political relations and get further progress. Thus, in such circumstances, the driving modernization process reveals to be the possibility of achieving status quo in gaininng visible political and social changes within one generation. It has been outlined in the paper that states in conditions of political transformation can not change political institutions immediately within one electoral term. The challenges to the political stability in the transition period are the lack of political will, resources and lack of external support. However, a key problem, connected with these elements, requires further empirical recording and thorough study. Political transformations in Central and Eastern Europe have shown that, despite the consistency and changeable events in the country, it is essential to keep stability model, typical for «institutional concept» of political system. The list of factors that may affect the success or failure of political stability in terms of modernization can include challenges or requests to the institutional capacity and management components of the political system.Specificity of contemporary Ukraine is that the country has to fulfil a number of political transition programs, and to maintain the stability of the chosen model, which is generally consistent with the model in Central and Eastern Europe.The aim of the article is to clarify the characteristics of political stability, political management development and institutional challenges in the ongoing modernization period. The objective of the research is to outline adaptation mechanisms in conditions of the dual dynamics of the political system.To sum up, compensatory mechanisms of the political stability in conditions of the ongoing modernization should accelerate the development of civil society within the absence of a stable and adaptive political community. Challenges to political stability should be compensated by creativity and optimality of the authorities’ activities. Prospects for further consideration of problems, being raised in this paper, are as following: to determine the socio-cultural constraints of the institutional adaptability of the political system.
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