Political stability in conditions of overtaking modernisation: challenges and reference points


  • M. K. Mantashyan Oles Honchar Dnipro national university
Keywords: political stability, challenges, adaptive mechanisms, social environment, political creativity

Abstract

In contemporary Ukraine after the events of 2013 – 2014 years a lot of attention is paid to the problem of political stability in the context of numerous threats. Moreover, political stability in Ukrainian democratic conditions leads to public sceptical attitude due to the permanent conflict interactions, preconditions for authorities’ conflict, free representation of political interests. However, political stability is a basement for policy’s institutional infrastructure, its complications and the transition to a new level. Political modernization has traditionally represented the necessity of the renewal of the political system which should bring it to the level of the best world standards. The political progress and sustainable functional democracy are inaccessible, contrary to the fact that Western societies always improve their political relations and get further progress. Thus, in such circumstances, the driving modernization process reveals to be the possibility of achieving status quo in gaininng visible political and social changes within one generation. It has been outlined in the paper that states in conditions of political transformation can not change political institutions immediately within one electoral term. The challenges to the political stability in the transition period are the lack of political will, resources and lack of external support. However, a key problem, connected with these elements, requires further empirical recording and thorough study. Political transformations in Central and Eastern Europe have shown that, despite the consistency and changeable events in the country, it is essential to keep stability model, typical for «institutional concept» of political system. The list of factors that may affect the success or failure of political stability in terms of modernization can include challenges or requests to the institutional capacity and management components of the political system.Specificity of contemporary Ukraine is that the country has to fulfil a number of political transition programs, and to maintain the stability of the chosen model, which is generally consistent with the model in Central and Eastern Europe.The aim of the article is to clarify the characteristics of political stability, political management development and institutional challenges in the ongoing modernization period. The objective of the research is to outline adaptation mechanisms in conditions of the dual dynamics of the political system.To sum up, compensatory mechanisms of the political stability in conditions of the ongoing modernization should accelerate the development of civil society within the absence of a stable and adaptive political community. Challenges to political stability should be compensated by creativity and optimality of the authorities’ activities. Prospects for further consideration of problems, being raised in this paper, are as following: to determine the socio-cultural constraints of the institutional adaptability of the political system.

References

1. Zelen’ko, H., 2013. Suspil’na solidarnist’ v Ukrayini v konteksti funktsional’nosti politychnykh instytutiv: formal’nist’ i real’nist’ [Social solidarity in Ukraine in the context of political institutions function: formality and reality]. Studia politologica Ucraino-Polona 3, 280 – 288 (in Ukrainian).
2. Zelen’ko, H.I., 2003. «Navzdohinna modernizatsiya»: dosvid Pol’shchi ta Ukrayiny. [«Overtaking modernization»: Experience of Poland and Ukraine]. K.: «Krytyka», 215 (in Ukrainian).
3. Kovadlo, N.P., 2011. Dykhotomiya tsinnostey politychnoho tradytsionalizmu y modernizmu u svitohlyadnomu kodi predstavnykiv vitchyznyanoyi elity [The dichotomy of values of political traditionalism and modernism in ideological code of representatives of the national elite]. Politolohichni zapysky 4. Access mode http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Polzap_2011_4_18 (in Ukrainian).
4. Myslyuk, Yu. V., 2012. Hibrydnist’ politychnoyi systemy Ukrayiny: na shlyakhu do modernizatsiyi [Hybride political system of Ukraine, on the way to modernization]. Prykarpat·s’kyy visnyk NTSh. Ser.: Dumka ‌ 3, 196 – 204 (in Ukrainian).
5. Opanasyuk, V. V., 2015. Ryzyky modernizatsiyi: politychna stabil’nist’ naperedodni reform v Ukrayini [Risks modernization, political stability eve of reforms in Ukraine]. Naukovi zapysky Instytutu politychnykh i etnonatsional’nykh doslidzhen’ im. I. F. Kurasa NAN Ukrayiny 2 299 – 311 (in Ukrainian).
6. Sedlyar, M.O., 2014. Modernizatsiynyy vybir: nazdohanyaty chy vyperedzhaty [Modernization choice to catch up or stay ahead]. Ekonomika rozvytku‌ 3, 24 – 28 (in Ukrainian).
7. Semchenko, O. A., 2015. Politychna modernizatsiya yak resurs stvorennya pozytyvnoho imidzhu derzhavy [Political modernization as a resource for creating a positive image of the state]. Politykus 1, 49 – 51 (in Ukrainian).
8. Smirnova, V. O., 2014. Politychna volya yak modernizatsiynyy resurs vlady i zaporuka uspikhu politychnykh reform [Political will as modernization resource power and success of political reform]. Naukovyy chasopys NPU imeni M. P. Drahomanova. Seriya 22: Politychni nauky ta metodyka vykladannya sotsial’no-politychnykh dystsyplin 15, 20 – 27 (in Ukrainian).
9. Turovets’, O. V., 2013. Politychni modernizatsiyi v Ukrayini: istoriya ta suchasnist’ [Political modernization in Ukraine: history and modernity]. Problemy polityky 50, 329 – 335 (in Ukrainian).
10. Shedyakov, V. Ye., 2012. Mayaky seredn’oho klasu v politychnomu protsesi, abo formuvannya seredn’oho klasu v systemi modernizatsiyi krayiny ta vyznachenni yakosti suspil’noyi bezpeky [Lighthouses class in the political process, or a middle class in the system modernization and determining the quality of public safety]. Politolohichni zapysky‌ 6. Access mode: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Polzap_2012_6_9. (in Ukrainian).
11. Shyrokova, Ye.O., 2013. Politychna modernizatsiya: teoretychni modeli ta dosvid Ukrayiny [Political modernization: theoretical models and the experience Journal of Ukraine]. Visnyk Odes’koho natsional’noho universytetu. Sotsiolohiya i politychni nauky 18, 2(2), 108 – 118. (in Ukrainian).
12. Yus’kiv, M.V., 2013. Politychna modernizatsiya u krayinakh postradyans’koho prostoru [Political modernization in the countries of post-Soviet]. Derzhava i pravo. Yurydychni i politychni nauky 62, 497 – 504 (in Ukrainian).
Published
2017-07-13
How to Cite
Mantashyan, M. (2017). Political stability in conditions of overtaking modernisation: challenges and reference points. Grani, 20(5), 55-60. https://doi.org/10.15421/171775
Section
Статті