Voting frequentia as an indicator of political activity
AbstractReveal the specifics of the concept of «voting frequentia». Determined that the voting frequentia is basic and the most massive non-professional level of political activity, determines the degree of real influence voters in the activities of institutional actors and personalized political power. As an indicator of the political activity of voting frequentia captures citizens’ participation in voting in elections as individuals with active suffrage. Voting frequentia involves not only vote for a particular candidate (candidates) or party (Bloc), it may also provide and protest vote («against all»), if it allows the existing electoral system, and non-voting (intentionally or unintentionally damaged ballot, avoiding dropping the ballot into the ballot box, etc.).Found that the amount of voting frequentia depends on the political regime, the form of government and the level elections. Determined that democracies characterized by an autonomous form of voting frequentia and for undemocratic – mobilizational form of voting frequentia. Followed that the highest rate of participation in voting observed in countries with a parliamentary form of government and proportional electoral system, more than 2/3 of the voting frequentia observed in countries with a parliamentary form of government and majoritarian electoral systems, lowest level of voting frequentia observed in countries with a presidential form of government. It also notes that increased voting frequentia observed in countries where compulsory voting is set. Observed trend of dependency and level elections: electoral activity of elections on the local, regional and supra-national representative authority is much lower than in the presidential and parliamentary elections. Attention is drawn to in explaining the voting frequentia considered rational and irrational factors, since voting is a two-tiered process: active, politically defined part of the voters voted party ideologically and politically unbiased – rationally.
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