Museum documentation on museum objects in the context of scientific studies: examples of different storage groups, rarities of rituals and daily life of the Jewish community in Ukraine in 19-20 centuries in the collection of NMHU


  • T. O. Kutsaeva National historical-architectonic museum «The Fortress of Kiev»
Keywords: additional attribution, history of the Jewish community of Ukraine, inventory card, informal adult education, museum heuristics, Judaica, (re)attribution.

Abstract

Issues, met by scientists during the process of research on museum documentation (inventory cards, scientific and standardized passports, cards of catalogues) on museum objects, related to themes «History of Ukraine in the 20th century» and «Rites and everyday life of the Jewish community in Ukraine in 19-20 centuries», have been studied in the article. Consideration of the abovementioned situations allowed describing the museum documentation as phenomena which has to evolve together with the access to information in the 21st century. It has been emphasized that due to the modernization (transformation of inventory cards into the format of scientific and standardized passports, review of ideological clichés and correction of erroneous information in these documents, additional attribution and (re)attribution of exhibits), even better use of museum collections will be provided with minimal time expenditures. Gathering of accurate information about historic attractions will be continued. The accent of the research is the necessity of museum workers’ training (researches and employees of museum funds) within the non-formal education by means of museum’s internal resources. The purpose and relevance of the research has been defined by the given thesis. By generalizations of historiography, it has been found that the suggested topic, including awareness of the obsolescence by museum community (extreme ideological stance, emptiness, falsity) of certain blocks of museum documentation and the criteria of their systematic and complete replacements have not been subjects of the discussion in the museum field yet. In order to expand the research, the list of required types of museum documentation - inventory cards, scientific and standardized passports, catalogs, descriptions, а systematic card index, has been created. It has been determined that the actual museum legislation never uses the word «revision» and uses the word «correction» only in exceptional cases. It has been generalized that a cards of the catalogue, a meaningful source of information about museum objects, is not required, and there are no requirements for its formation. It has been additionally determined that the inventory cards, directories and additional descriptions, stacked on their base before 2000 year, can form now that «confusing» heritage of the Soviet museum sphere, which is referred to by  contemporaries. So, taking into account the fact that a huge part of the exhibits were registered at the time of the USSR, the information, which was available 30-50 years ago, is outdated now. Thus, the inventory cards and cards of catalogues, compiled before 2000 year, have been chosen as a subject of the research. Such possible problems of some blocks of museum documentation as extreme ideological stance, emptiness, falsity, lack of emphasis on the uniqueness of the individual exhibits, incomplete attribution and others, have been identified at the study.

References

1. Denysyuk, Zh., Zbanats’ka, O., Karpov, V. Muzeyna evrystyka: teoretychni osnovy ta praktychna realizatsiya [Museum heuristics: theoretical foundations and practical implementation]. Access: https://www.academia.edu/314822350.docx (in Ukrainian).
2. Dod. 1. Do Poryadku zanesennya unikal’nykh pam»yatok Muzeynoho fondu Ukrayiny do Derzhreyestru natsional’noho kul’turnoho nadbannya [Add 1. To the procedure of entering unique monuments of the Museum Fund of Ukraine into the State Register of National Cultural Property]. Access: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/z0144-02 (in Ukrainian).
3. Hrupovyy ehoyizm [Group selfishness]. Access: http://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/econ_dict/4770 (in Ukrainian).
4. Zheltuhina, D., 2013. Tendentsii razvitiya kraevedcheskih muzeev v Kuybyisheve 1950-80 gg. [Trends in the development of local history museums in Kuibyshev 1950-80]. Vektor nauki Tolyattinskogo gos. universiteta 3 (25) (in Russian).
5. Zvit-ikonohrafka NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine] za 2016 r. u porivnyanni z 2014 i 2015 rr. [Report-iconograph of NMU in 2016 in comparison with 2014 and 2015]. Access: https://www.facebook.com/nmiuu/photos/a.329903467218978.1073741837.325497800992878/602424186633570/?type=3&theater (in Ukrainian).
6. Ishchuk, O. Tsikava znakhidka v fondakh NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. Prapor OUN ser. 1940-kh rr. [An interesting finding in the NMU funds. OUN Flag Sir 1940s]. Access: http://rhodeoretin63.rssing.com/browser.php?indx=52282320&item=94. (in Ukrainian).
7. Instruktsiya po uchetu i hraneniyu muzeynyih tsennostey muzeev sistemyi Mininsterstva kulturyi SSSR [Instruction on accounting and storage of museum values ​​of museums of the Ministry of Culture of the USSR]. M, 1968. 15 (in Russian).
8. Kupriyenko, S. Naukovo-unifikovanyy pasport v muzeyakh [Scientific-standard passport in museums]. Access: http://kuprienko.info/naukovo-unifikovany-j-pasport-v-muzeyah/ (in Ukrainian).
9. Kupriyenko, S. Yak pravyl’no prydumaty nazvu naukovoyi statti [How to think up the name of a scientific article]. Access: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=387875138230314&set=a.111662729184891.1073741827.100010234921658&type=3&theater (in Ukrainian).
10. Kutsayeva, T.O., 2017 «Dodatkova atrybutsiya» i «reatrybutsiya» muzeynykh predmetiv: Pytannya aktual’nosti (na prykladi kolektsiyi NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]) [«Additional attribution» and «retrieval» of museum objects: Issues of relevance (on an example of the collection of NMU)]. Tezy IV Mizhn. nauk.-praktychnoyi konf. «Istoryko-kul’turna spadshchyna: problemy zberezhennya i populyaryzatsiyi» 21 – 22 kvitnya 2017 r. L., 147 (in Ukrainian).
11. Man’kovs’ka, R., 2011. Znyshchennya muzeynykh zbirok v URSR u pislyavoyennyy period (2-ha pol. 1940-kh – 1950-kh rr.) [Destruction of museum collections in the Ukrainian SSR in the post-war period (2nd floor of the 1940s - 1950s)]. Istoriya Ukrayiny: malovidomi imena, podiyi, fakty 37 (in Ukrainian).
12. Muzeynyy predmet: atrybutsiya, systematyzatsiya, evrystychni mozhlyvosti [Museum subject: attribution, systematization, heuristic opportunities]. 12. Dn.: Art-pres, 2015. 304 (in Ukrainian).
13. Nakaz Minkul’tu Ukrayiny № 580 [Order of the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine 580]. Access: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/z1129-16 (in Ukrainian).
14. Nikitina, I., 2009. Stanovlennya i rozvytok Natsional’noho muzeyu heroyichnoyi oborony i vyzvolennya Sevastopolya (1960-2009) [Formation and development of the National Museum of Heroic Defense and the Liberation of Sevastopol (1960-2009)]. K., 23 (in Ukrainian).
15. Perelyhina, O., 2012. Problemni pytannya atrybutsiyi predmetiv khudozhn’oho sribla [Problematic issues of attribution of artistic silver objects]. Volyns’kyy muzeynyy visnyk 4. Luts’k, 282 (in Ukrainian).
16. Podolyak, I. Pro potrebu buty profesiynym ehoyistom [The need to be a professional selfish]. Access: http://samopomich.ua/pro-potrebu-buty-profesijnym-egoyistom-iryna-podolyak/ (in Ukrainian).
17. Postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrayiny № 1147 [Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine 1147]. Access: http://search.ligazakon.ua/l_doc2.nsf/link1/KP001147.html (in Ukrainian).
18. Prikaz Ministerstva kulturyi SSSR № 290 [Order of the Ministry of Culture of the USSR 290]. Access: http://www.economics.kiev.ua/download/ZakonySSSR/data02/tex12550.htm (in Russian).
19. Pakholko, S., 2011. Istoriya, zakarbovana v metali [History stamped in metal]. L.: Kray, 176 (in Ukrainian).
20. Rudenko, S., 2016. Vystavka «Partyzany Ukrayiny v borot’bi proty nimets’ko-fashyst·s’kykh zaharbnykiv» u Kyyevi [Exhibition «Partisans of Ukraine in the struggle against the Nazi invaders» in Kiev]. Viys’kovo-istorychnyy merydian 4. Access: http://vim.gov.ua/index.php/uk/ostannij-vipusk (in Ukrainian).
21. Ryabchykova, F., 2009. Teoretychni rozrobky V. Kravchenka z pytan’ obliku muzeynykh fondiv [Theoretical developments of V. Kravchenko on issues of accounting of museum funds]. Istoriya muzeynytstva, pam»yatkookhoronoyi spravy, krayeznavstva i turyzmu v Ostrozi ta na Volyni. Nauk. zb. 2 (in Ukrainian).
22. Tynchenko, Ya., 2010. Novitni zaporozhtsi. Viys’ka Tsentral’noyi Rady, berezen’ 1917-kviten’ 1918 [The latest Zaporozhye Army of the Central Council, March 1917-April 1918]. K.: Tempora, 112 (in Ukrainian).
23. Tytarenko, A., 2014. Problemy atrybutsiyi ta ekspertyzy tonkokeramichnykh vyrobiv v muzeyakh Ukrayiny [Problems of attribution and expertise of fine-ceramic products in museums of Ukraine]. Pytannya istoriyi, nauky i tekhniky 1 (in Ukrainian).
24. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. E-891 (in Ukrainian).
25. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. E-2913 (in Ukrainian).
26. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. Z-138 (in Ukrainian).
27. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. L-478 (in Ukrainian).
28. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. L-485 (in Ukrainian).
29. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. L-487 (in Ukrainian).
30. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. L-1086 (in Ukrainian).
31. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. L-1119 (in Ukrainian).
32. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. L-3342 (in Ukrainian).
33. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. L-3381 (in Ukrainian).
34. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. L-4047 (in Ukrainian).
35. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. L-4049 (in Ukrainian).
36. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. L-7063 (in Ukrainian).
37. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. L-7372 (in Ukrainian).
38. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. LD-949 (in Ukrainian).
39. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. LD-1023 (in Ukrainian).
40. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. R-370 (in Ukrainian).
41. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. R-515 (in Ukrainian).
42. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. R-1012 (in Ukrainian).
43. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. R-1242 (in Ukrainian).
44. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. RA-1191 (in Ukrainian).
45. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. RD-9589 (in Ukrainian).
46. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. RD-11568 (in Ukrainian).
47. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. RD-11569 (in Ukrainian).
48. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. RD-11573 (in Ukrainian).
49. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. RD-11574 (in Ukrainian).
50. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-108 (in Ukrainian).
51. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-129 (in Ukrainian).
52. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-138 (in Ukrainian).
53. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-139 (in Ukrainian).
54. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-167 (in Ukrainian).
55. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-659 (in Ukrainian).
56. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-682 (in Ukrainian).
57. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-684 (in Ukrainian).
58. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-6612/1-2 (in Ukrainian).
59. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-6613 (in Ukrainian).
60. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-7579 (in Ukrainian).
61. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-6613 (in Ukrainian).
62. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-8143 (in Ukrainian).
63. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-8229 (in Ukrainian).
64. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. T-8616 (in Ukrainian).
65. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. MDAE-662 (in Ukrainian).
66. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. MT-904 (in Ukrainian).
67. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. MT-1300-1309, MT-1311/1-1333 (in Ukrainian).
68. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. MT-1312 (in Ukrainian).
69. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. MT-1313 (in Ukrainian).
70. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. MT-1319 (in Ukrainian).
71. NMIU [National Museum of History of Ukraine]. Sh-334/1-2 (in Ukrainian).
Published
2017-07-11
How to Cite
Kutsaeva, T. (2017). Museum documentation on museum objects in the context of scientific studies: examples of different storage groups, rarities of rituals and daily life of the Jewish community in Ukraine in 19-20 centuries in the collection of NMHU. Grani, 20(4), 69-75. https://doi.org/10.15421/171763
Section
Статті