Academician A.N. Sokolovsky and other prosecutors and judges who participated in the ULU (SVU) trial (based on the materials of the State Political Department of the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs and the court records)
AbstractThe ULU (Union of Liberation of Ukraine or Soiuz Osvobozhdeniia Ukrainy) trial has been studied in the article. This trial was held in 1930 in Ukraine and initiated the mass repressions of Ukrainian intellectuals by the Stalin regime. Forty five (45) persons, in particular academicians, professors and employees of popular schooling, doctors and writers were brought to trial. A well-known scientist, academician S.A. Yefremov, the literature historian and the writer of political essays, who headed this organization, was put on trial. Defendants, the members of ULU were accused of clandestine, anti-Soviet, and nationalist activities. This trial was highlighted by mass-media. The historians studied the case fabrication, the inquest, the legal procedure, and who were the main defendants. Quite different objective has been set by the authors of this research paper; their task was to narrate a story of the adverse party of ULU trial, in particular the people that constituted the court, prosecuting officials and public prosecutors at the trial and their fate. Academician A.N. Sokolovsky was the main figure of the public prosecution, who represented the scientific circles of Ukraine. The reasons for nomination of academician A.N. Sokolovsky as the public prosecutor and also his personal motivations have been analyzed in the scientific paper. Also information about other principal participants of the trial and prosecution has been given, in particular the president of the court A.T. Prykhodko, associate justice Prof. I.P. Sokoliansky, Prof. G.I. Volkov, public prosecutors O.A. Slisarenko, P.P. Liubchenko, the prosecutors M.V. Mikhailike and L.S. Akhmatov. The course of trial and the participation of A.N. Sokolovsky in it, the questions put to the defendants, and his personal attitude to the ULU case have been described in the article. The research done allowed us to come to the conclusion that the importance of ULU trial went beyond the struggle with old intellectuals and had a profound ideological and historical character. The specific forms of trial organization have been accentuated by the authors. Judges and prosecutors at this court were chosen properly, as it was expected that the «descents» from non-proletarian parties would prosecute their former colleagues from the Ukrainian democratic movement, i.e. to force national intellectuals or «conscious Ukrainians» to judge «conscious Ukrainians». It has been shown by the authors that the fates of the accused on the one hand and the judges and prosecutors on the other hand didn’t differ significantly. Almost all representatives of the adversary were also the victims of political repressions during the years of great terror. At the end of the investigation the authors came to the conclusion that all parties of trials, which were held in 1930 years, should be studied.
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