Confucianism and gender culture of Japan


  • I. O. Svyatnenko Classical private university
Keywords: gender culture, Confucianism, gender roles, gender Japanese culture, gender stereotypes

Abstract

The problem of the definition of Confucianism areas of influence on the gender culture of Japanese society has been studied by the author. It has been found by the author that the influence of Confucianism on the gender culture of Japan supported the formation of a gender-servility’s women morality towards men and women enforcement to the behavioural roles, which are based on child-serving and house-wives scenarios. Confucianism has created the grounds for patriarchal sexism, by which woman is seen as an object of serving to masculine-centric hierarchies and must be formatted for the stereotypes of convenience in order to serve men under ordinary and extraordinary circumstances. The key points of the influence are as follows: legalized promiscuity allowance, porno-latrical behavioural model (especially in the aspect of women’s use as prostitutes), as well as the accentuation of gender roles in the biographies of etalon women which are described in Confucian treatises. It has been stated by the author that it is necessary to admit that the impact on the gender culture of Japan was made and is made not so much by Confucianism in its pure form, but by Shintoism Confucianism, which requires separate research in other publications.

References

1. Mclelland, Mark, 2010. «Kissing is a symbol of democracy!» Dating, Democracy, and Romance in Occupied Japan 1945-1952. Journal of the History of Sexuality 19[3], 508-535
2. Sugihara, Yoko, Katsurada, Emiko, 1999. Gender Differences in Gender-Role Perceptions Among Japanese College Students. Sex Roles, 775-786
3. Sugihara, Yoko, Katsurada, Emiko, 2000. Gender-Role Personality Traits in Japanese Culture. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 309-318
4. Sugihara, Yoko, Katsurada, Emiko, 2002. Gender Role Development in Japanese Culture: Diminishing Gender Role Differences in Contemporary Society. Sex Roles, 443-452
5. TV Tropes. Real Men Hate Sugar. Access mode: http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/RealMenHateSugar.
6. Yamaguchi, Kazuo, 2002. Married Women’s Gender-Role Attitudes and Social Stratification. International Journal of Sociology 30[2], 52-89
7. Wesson, R., 1991. Beyond Natural Selection. 316. Cambridge (USA)
8. Wex, M., 1979. Let’s Take Our Space: «Female» and «Male» Body Language as a Result of ‘Patriarchal Structures. 114. Hamburg: Frauenliteraturverlag Hermine Fees
9. Whorf, B.L., 1976. Language, Thought and Reality. 238. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
10. Wittig, M., 1983. «The Point of View: Universal or Particular?». Feminist Issues 2, 12-36
11. Wood, T., 1998. Julia «Gendered Lives. Communication, Gender And Culture». Wadsworth Publishing Company. 212
Published
2017-03-23
How to Cite
Svyatnenko, I. (2017). Confucianism and gender culture of Japan. Grani, 20(1), 32-36. https://doi.org/10.15421/17175
Section
Статті