The issue of political behaviour in contemporary bio-political discourse
AbstractThe main topic of the article is the political. During the study it has been found tested that political behaviour is the difficult question to analyse as in bio-politics there are a lot of discussions about genetics and social origins of political behaviour. An integration model of bio-political view of political behaviour has been suggested at the article, which includes both genetics (adaptation, domination and subordination) and social factors (education, socialization, the evolution of consciousness). «Homo Politicus» is genetically related with another biological Wight and this definitely influences his behavior in social and political spheres. For instance, every human being as any social primates has genetic inclination to adaptation, domination, subjugation. In case with «Homo Sapiens» this has a form of genetic and social adaptation, political domination and subjugation. The inclination to the domination from one side and to the subjugation to another side is genetically «imprinted» into the nature of the «Homo Politicus». Particularly this two features lie is the basis of his political behavior. However, it is important to mention that, nevertheless the «Homo Sapiens» shares inclination of social primates for hierarchical social organization at the same time he has developed the following capabilities, which are unique in animal world, such as: language, culture and morale. Thus, ideas and values created by the human being have commenced changing of his behavior in social and political sphere. It is important to underline that in above mentioned dichotomy «genetic – culture/morale» such very core analysis element as human brain is absent. According to this, it is has to be mentioned that we keep in mind that the human brain participates in formation of every act or idea, what is fulfilled in the process of the political supervision of subject of management, as well as in the process of social action of management object. So, the political and social behavior of «Homo Politicus» depends not only on his biological factors, such as inclination to the biological adaptation, creation of hierarchical structure, social and political domination and subjugation, but also on social factors as well, such as language, culture, morale and so on. In this case, the human brain comes out as a center of formation of political behavior and awareness of «Homo Politicus» himself and his actions.
Potapenko, Ya., 2013. Somatichne buttya individu yak ob’ekt doslidzhen u galuzi biopolitiki. [Somatic existence of the individual being the research object in the sphere f bio-politics]. GIleya, 74 (in Ukrainian).
Fukuyama, F., 2004. Nashe postchelovecheskoe buduschee: posledstvie nashey biotehnologicheskoy revolyutsii [Our post-human future: the circumstances of our bio-technological revoution]. Lyuk, Moscow (in Russian).
Barash, D., 1994. State behaviour, individual behaviour, and the legacy of biology in a troublesom world. Politics and the life science 13, 15-16.
Blank, R., 2014. Biology and Politics: An Introduction. Politics and the Life Science: The State of the Discipline. Emerald Group Publishing, United Kingdom
Changeux, P., 2004. The history of neuroscience in autobiography. N.Y.
Dahrendorf, R., 1968. Essays of the Theory of Society. Stanford SA: Stanford University Press
Dunbar, R., 1996. Grooming, Gossip, and the Evolution of Language. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Fox, R., 1989. The Search of Society. New Brunswik: Rudgers University Press
Ginsberg, B., 1988. The evolution of social and political behaviour. Washungton, DC: American Political Science Association
Kelman, H., Hamilton, V., 1998. Crimes of Authority and Responsibility. New Haven, CT.: Yale University Press
Lane, R., 1972. Political Man. N.Y.: Free Press
McNeill, H., 1991. The Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community. Chicago:University Chicago Press
Peterson, A., 2011. Biology and politics: The cutting edge. United Kingdom: Emerald Group Publishing
Sagan, С., Druyan, A., 1992. Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors. N.Y.: Ballantine Books
Shepher, J., 1987. Commentary. Dominance, Aggression, and War. N.Y.: Paragon, 174-175
Somit, А., Peterson, S., 2005. The Failure of Democratic Nation Building: Ideology Meets Evolution. N.Y.: Palgrave Macmillan
Somit, A., 2001. Darwinism, Dominanse, And Democracy: a reaffirmation. Politics and the Life Sciences 20, 227–231
Tattersall, I., 2002. The Monkey in the Mirror. New York: Harcourt
Tiger, L., Fox, R., 1997. The Imperial Animal. New York: Dell
Williams, G., 1996. Adaptation and natural selection. N.Y.: Princeton University press