Japanese judo in the soviet Ukraine (the 1960s - 1970s): the image in youth and sports press

  • A. S. Gulyayeva Japanese judo in the soviet Ukraine (the 1960s - 1970s): the image in youth and sports press
Keywords: judo, Sambo, the press, USSR


The features of the formation of the image of judo in the Soviet media have been traced in the article. Article includes the analysis of the historical reasons for the gradual changes of the Soviet government’s political course towards this martial art during the 1960s-1970s. Publications on judo in the Soviet media have been collected and analyzed, including Ukrainian means of the public information and thematic (sports and geography) ones. The peculiarities, the reasons and motives for the comparison of Japanese judo and Soviet Sambo by Soviet propaganda have been revealed, the history of Sambo and its relationship to judo have been summarized; the history of the Soviet judo has been traced from its official introduction in the sports life of the Soviet Union in the early 1960s with an analysis of the motives of this event, then the period of its existence in the framework of the Soviet Sambo, including consideration of the reasons for such it provisions, and until the declaration of judo as a separate sport and consolidating such a status of this martial art in the public consciousness by providing an official explanation of the reasons of that decision in the press.The prehistory of the Soviet judo, has also been discussed in the article, the creation on the basis of this martial art Sambo by V. Oshchepkov has been noted. It was later considered the Soviet international martial art, while judo was banned. It became legal again only after its inclusion into the Olympic program in Tokyo 1964, but it developed for a long time only in the framework of the Soviet Sambo. The USSR, according to the vision of its leadership, could not participate in the Olympic judo competitions. Firstly USSR tried to promote the idea of the predominance of Soviet Sambo in comparison to this Japanese martial art. The benefits of Sambo over judo were prescribed in the Soviet press. However, the loss of superiority of Soviet wrestlers in sport judo competitions in the early 1970s forced the Soviet government to reconsider its policy in relation to judo and to separate it from Sambo by creating in 1973 the Federation of judo of the USSR.


1. Andryeyev, V., 1972. Kodokan, Budokan і chas [Kodokan, Budokan and time]. Start 10, 24-25 (in Ukrainian).
2. Arkad’ev, D., 1973, August 12. Debjut dzjudo [The Debut of Judo]. Komsomol’skaja pravda. (in Russian)
3. Arkad’ev, D., 1976, May 8. Chempiony v kimono [Champions in a kimono]. Komsomol’skaja pravda. (in Russian)
4. Bordjug, O.V., Harlampov G.A. Istorija i perspektivy razvitija dzjudo v Ukraine [History and prospects of judo development in Ukraine]. Article. Retrieved from URL (in Russian)
5. Voloshhuk, Ya., 1973. Kurtka chy`kіmono? [Jacket or kimono?] Start 6, 22 (in Ukrainian).
6. Goloshhapov, B. R., 2001. Istorija fizicheskoj kul’tury i sporta [History of physical culture and sport]. Akademija, Moskow. (in Russian)
7. Grishhenkov, V. N., 2009. Dzjudo. Stranicy istorii. Chast’ 2 [Judo. The pages of history. Part 2]. Minsk, 270. (in Russian)
8. Dzju-do [Judo]. Komsomol’skaja pravda. 1965, October 12 (in Russian).
9. Zoloty`j ty`zhden’ [Golden week]. 1969. Start 7, 2 (in Ukrainian).
10. Kulanov, A. E., 2005. Rol’ duhovnoj sostavljajushhej boevyh iskusstv v formirovanii imidzha Japonii v Rossii [The role of the spiritual component of martial arts in the creation of the image of Japan in Russia]. Dodzjo. Rossijskij sojuz boevyh iskusstv 6, 47-64 (in Russian).
11. Lukashev, M. N. Sotvorenie Sambo ... rodit’sja v carskoj tjur’me, chtoby umeret’ v stalinskoj [The creation of the Sambo ... to be born in the tsarist prison and to die in Stalin’s one]. Article. Retrieved from URL (in Russian)
12. Matveyeyv, S., 1974. Uroky` dzyu-do [Lessons of judo]. Start 8, 24-25; 9, 30-31; 10, 26-27 (in Ukrainian).
13. Matveyeyv, S., 1971, 1972. Uroky` Sambo і dzyu-do [Lessons of Sambo and judo]. Start 4-12; 1-4; 6; 8; 10 dryeyev, V., 1972. Kodokan, Budokan і chas [Kodokan, Budokan and time]. Start 10, 24-25 (in Ukrainian).
14. Momot D., 2010. Chernyj pojas [Black belt]. Saint Petersburg, 416 (in Russian).
15. Na tatamі – Oleksandr Shuklіn [On the tatami is Olexander Shuklin]. Start 1. 1968 (in Ukrainian).
16. Olimpiady Proshlogo: judo na letnih igrah 1964 goda [Past Olympics: Judo at 1964 Summer Games]. Retrieved from URL (in Russian)
17. Pashy`nіn, V., 1974, July 4. Dzyu-do chy` Sambo? [Judo or Sambo?] Molod’ Ukraїni (in Ukrainian).
18. Pel’menev, V.K., Koneeva, E.V., 2000. Istorija fizicheskoj kul’tury: Uchebnoe posobie [The History of physical culture: textbook]. Kaliningrad, 186 (in Russian).
19. Prem’yera v Ky`yevі. Chempіonat SRSR z dzyu-do [Premiere in Kiev. Championship of USSR in judo]. Start 1, 6-7. 1974 (in Ukrainian).
20. Salomahin, Ju., 1971. Lovkost’ protiv sily [Agility vs strength]. Rovesnik 7, 22-23 (in Russian).
21. Saunіn, V., 1965. Na tatamі – z Gaeyzіnkom [On the Mat with Gayezink]. Start 7, 8-9 (in Ukrainian).
22. Saunіn, V., 1965. Os’ vono dzyu-do [Here is judo]. Fіzkul’tura і sport 5, 18-19 (in Ukrainian).
23. Cipurskij, I. Sorok pjat’ let udachnomu debjutu [Forty-five years of successful debut]. Retrieved from URL (in Russian)
24. Chempionat Evropy po dzjudo 1964 [1964 Judo Championship of Europe]. Retrieved from URL (in Russian)
25. Chempionat Evropy po dzjudo 1972 [1972 Judo Championship of Europe]. Retrieved from URL (in Russian)
26. Cherevko, K.E., 2003. Serp i molot protiv samurajskogo mecha [Hammer and sickle against a samurai sword]. Moscow, 384 (in Russian).
27. Shishkin, L., 1983. «Mjagkij put’» i «samozashhita bez oruzhija» [“Soft path” and “self-defense without weapons”]. Sport v SSSR 8, 4-7 (in Russian).
28. Jahkind, Ju., 1965, August 5. Sambo ili dzju-do? [Sambo or judo?]. Komsomol’skaja pravda (in Russian).
How to Cite
Gulyayeva, A. (2016). Japanese judo in the soviet Ukraine (the 1960s - 1970s): the image in youth and sports press. Grani, 19(11), 117-122. https://doi.org/10.15421/1716130