They were the first: A.P. Zhmaylo – graduate of Kryvyi Rih evening working college 1926 (The 90th anniversary of the first issue Kryvyi Rih National University is dedicated)

  • L. V. Doyar Kryvyi Rih national university Address: 11, XXII Party Congress str., Kryvyi Rih, 50027, Ukraine
Keywords: mining techniques, mining engineer, mine, mining camp, higher engineering courses, Mining General Director, Hero of Socialist Labor

Abstract

This article studied the life and career of the first graduate of National University of Kryvyi Rih, the student of Kryvyi Rih evening working College 1922-1926, оne of the organizers of the mining industry of Kryvyi Rih, a member of the postwar recovery Кryvbas, the first in the history of the Kryvyi Rih Mining Institute of the Hero of Socialist Labor. Biography of Andriy Pavlovich Zhmaylo (1903-1961) - is a vivid reflection of the Soviet era in the history of Ukraine, the repository of key developments and events of the first half of the twentieth century, namely: the formation of workers’ faculties to train uneducated proletariat and the peasantry, one of which (Kryvyi Rih evening working college) A.P. Zhmaylo was qualified mining equipment; indigenization campaign - Ukrainianization 1920s - early 1930, that provided an opportunity for career growth of representatives of the Ukrainian nation and reflected in the curricula of contemporary higher education in Ukraine; forced industrialization of the interwar period, as a result of which the mining industry was established socialist Kryvbas; Great Patriotic War (1941-1945), during which were conducted unparalleled in world history evacuation productive forces into the country and demonstrated the mass heroism of labor; postwar reconstruction of the destroyed economy, where production was carried resettlement and human resource capacity from the East to the West and provided with reduced functioning of the economy. Andriy Zhmaylo escaped Stalinist repression, however, lived in a totalitarian discipline which severely punished for mistakes at work: in 1935 Zhmaylo was removed from his post, expelled from the party and got the verdict. However, this unfortunate episode, in fact, did not affect the bio graduate KEWC and not prevent him win the title of Hero of Socialist Labor in 1958 that, in principle, it is not typical for the Soviet practice of state awards.

Author Biography

L. V. Doyar, Kryvyi Rih national university Address: 11, XXII Party Congress str., Kryvyi Rih, 50027, Ukraine
PhD in history, associate professor

References

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Published
2016-01-28
How to Cite
Doyar, L. V. (2016). They were the first: A.P. Zhmaylo – graduate of Kryvyi Rih evening working college 1926 (The 90th anniversary of the first issue Kryvyi Rih National University is dedicated). Grani, 19(2), 90-94. https://doi.org/10.15421/1716028
Section
HISTORY