Arguments «pro et contra» lustration in Central and Eastern Europe in the contemporary scientific discourse

  • N. Y. Minenkova National university of Kyiv-Mohyla academy
Keywords: lustration transformation, transitional justice, scientific discourse, Central and Eastern Europe, the post-Soviet space

Abstract

The article analyzes the scientific discourse of topics of lustrations in Central and Eastern Europe in the context of arguments «pro et contra». The main arguments pro lustration are outlined with the help of the political analysis.Factor «Pro1» – lustration as a tool to protect the newly established regime, defined by researchers in two main contexts: first, in danger at the beginning of transformational changes of counterrevolution and restoration of undemocratic regimes («Pro1a»); Second, the economic, political, social impact on the processes of transformation and possibility of blackmailing, «wild lustration» through the save / restore nomenclature networks ancient regime ( «Pro1b»).Factor «Pro2» – lustration as a political institution whose activity contributes to the democratization of the country, which has three main aspects: a) lustration and public trust («Pro 2a»); b) lustration and corruption and bureaucracy («Pro 2b»); c) lustration civil and political culture (factor «Pro 2c»).Factor «Pro 3» – lustration as an institution a) justice and b) learning of truth.Proved that the pro-lustration argument in scientific discourse topics are diversified substantially at the same time, all the factors «pro» aimed mainly at protecting and improving the quality of democracy.Distinguished and characterized the counter-arguments for the lustration scientific discourse topic.Factor «Contra 1». Lustration as a restriction of human rights.Factor «Contra 2». Lustrations cause negative political and social consequences.Factor «Contra 3». Process of lustration is anti-moral.Proved, that the counter-arguments in scientific discourse are not considered so significant that would recognize the necessity of not lustration. Moreover, it is noted that the lustration is an effective institution not only at the beginning of the transformation, but over time, their importance for the consolidation of democracy are also important.Established that the discussion «pro et contra» lustrations in CEE and the former Soviet Union holds a significant place in modern scientific studies on the topic. However, it has an antagonistic character, and pro-lustrations argument is dominant. In addition, a significant majority of authors today convinced of the positive impact of lustrations processes of transformation in general and on the formation and improvement of the quality of democracies in particular.

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Published
2016-08-17
How to Cite
Minenkova, N. Y. (2016). Arguments «pro et contra» lustration in Central and Eastern Europe in the contemporary scientific discourse. Scientific and Theoretical Almanac Grani, 19(9), 116-124. https://doi.org/10.15421/171687
Section
POLITICAL SCIENCE