Phenomenon of political actionism in modern society
AbstractPolitical actionism is the fenomen in social and art space, that appeared in middle of XX century as the practice of critic and protest with using different artistic methods and techniques. Political actionism as art and political tradition exist in postsoviet space, especially in Russia where actionism appeared in 1990 years and develops for actually days. In other countries this phenomenon not such systematic. But analyze and compare actions in different countries appears the possibility to understand social and cultural context, their difference and similarity. Actionism is a reaction to external public, social and political situation, but its appearance more like the symptom of some problem than its critic or display – traditional approaches in art. Appearance of actionism also connected with inability of manifestation of personal and civil liberty, that’s why in actions liberty affairs in such radical and hyperbolized forms. First volume of Russian political actionism began in 1990 years (Oleg Kulik, Alexander Brener, Anatoly Osmolovsky etc.) and Second volume in 2010 (art-group Voina, Pussy Riot, Pyotr Pavlensky). This process not only a transformation of artistic and traditional space, but also modification of reaction on social and political situation. Actionism becomes a source of new type of knowledge, that give a possibility to see the habitual reality from another side and find in it new pointes and concepts. Political actionism contracting own interpretation of already well-established phenomenon. Usual concepts of liberty, authority, social control are deconstructed in actions. Those destructions of reality and cultural reorientation destroys traditional imposed patterns of interaction and social structure. But new views, that appeared in daily life from actions, often has mistaken interpretations. Exist a problem about identification of actions, its correct interpretations and understanding of its causes. In article was analyzed the basic mechanisms of action steps identified method of subversive affirmation, deconstruction, genealogical method, which uses aktsionist in their activities. The main task of political actionism as a sociocultural phenomenon, which exists at the intersection of the political and artistic spaces. Was concluded that the political actionism is an interdisciplinary phenomenon, which should be read yak sociocultural phenomenon and investigated at an angle different disciplines – art history, sociology and philosophy.
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