Character of the mutual perception of the political system and the environment as a criterion of the political security


  • I. V. Ishchenko Oles Honchar Dnepropetrovsk national university
Keywords: mental construct, basic political and institutional structures, social environment, political security

Abstract

Political security is connected with the lack of external and internal threats, or the reduction of their severity. The maintenance of the internal public security should start from the explanation of the nature of the relationship between the political and institutional structures and most active social groups. The author suggests using a mental construct as an indicator of conflict/harmony in this sphere. It has been proposed to implement this idea by comparing the mental constructs of political institutions and social environment. One of the methods to implement this idea has been revealed in the article. This method is based on the search of leading values which are characterizing basic political and institutional structures and social environment. Two components have been described in the mental constructor: rational and irrational. Moreover, the formula, that makes it possible to compare and evaluate the congruence of mental constructs of political and institutional structures and the environment on the basis of the detected values, has been suggested. The advantage of this formula is its flexibility. Consequently, it can describe the features of social and political interaction in all political systems. The regularity has four components. The first component describes the level of implementation of the social environment’s values being a result of certain internal and external policies. It contains a self-assessment of individuals - representatives of the social environment level of its own value system’s implementation. Moreover, the author takes into account the assessment of the political and institutional structures that is given by these individuals. Individuals assess these structures in connection to the actions and decisions aimed at the implementation of public interests and values. The second component of the formula describes the level of implementation and the congruence of values of basic political and institutional structures in relation to the social environment. Suggested measurement procedure is identical to the measurement of the first component. The third element of the formula is the emotional component of the interaction. The fourth component of the formula is the level of compensation resources, which are necessary in order to correct the imbalance of mental constructs of political and institutional structures and social environment. The level of political stability and security in Ukraine has been estimated as an example of this formula’s use. The empirical base of research are the results of opinion polls performed by Ilko Kucheriv «Democratic initiatives» Fund, speech of the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko to the Ukrainian Parliament from 06.04.2015, and other documents.

References

1. Bashkeeva, E.N., 2011. Osobennosti genezisa kategorii «mentalnost» (istoriko-filosofskiy analiz) [Features of the genesis of the «mentality» category (historical-philosophical analysis)]. Dnipro (in Russian)
2. Vy skhvalyuyete chy ne skhvalyuyete diyal’nist’ kabinetu ministriv pid kerivnytstvom Arseniya Yatsenyuka? [Do you approve or disapprove the activities of the Cabinet of Ministers led by Arseniy Yatsenyuk?]. 2016. Opytuvannya hrupy «Reytynh». Access mode: http://korrespondent.net/ukraine/3669590-reitynhy-poroshenko-y-yatsenuika-snyzylys (in Ukrainian)
3. Zubchenko, S.O., 2011. Kontseptual’ni zasady polityky humanitarnoyi bezpeky ukrayins’koyi derzhavy v umovakh demokratychnykh peretvoren’ [Conceptual framework of humanitarian security policy of the Ukrainian state in conditions of democratic reforms]. Nats. in-t stratehichnykh dosl., Kyiv (in Ukrainian)
4. Ishchenko, I.V., 2016. Synerhetychna proektsiya polityko-instytutsiynoyi vzayemodiyi u nestabil’nomu seredovyshchi [Synergetic projection of political and institutional interaction in an unstable environment]. Dnipro (in Ukrainian)
5. Maksymova, O.M., 2013. Chynnyky nestabil’nosti perekhidnykh politychnykh system [Factors of instability of transitional political systems]. SevNTU, Sevastopol’ (in Ukrainian)
6. Polishchuk, I.O., 2016. Polityko-pravova mental’nist’ ukrayinstva: kontseptual’no-metodolohichni zasady doslidzhennya [Political and legal mentality of Ukrainians: conceptual and methodological basis of the research]. Visnyk Nats. un-tu «Yuryd. akad. Ukrayiny im. Yaroslava Mudroho». Ser. Politolohiya 2 (29), 28-36 (in Ukrainian)
7. Reformy v Ukrayini: hromads’ka dumka naselennya [Reforms in Ukraine public opinion]. 2016. Access mode: http://dif.org.ua/article/reformi-v-ukraini-gromadska-dumka-naselennya (in Ukrainian)
8. Shchorichne poslannya Prezydenta Ukrayiny Petra Poroshenka Verkhovniy Radi [The annual message of the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko to The Parliament]. 2015. Vypusk T•SN. Access mode: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0-VSsymMWwU. (in Ukrainian)
9. Yak ukrayintsi rozumiyut’ yevrointehratsiyu: ochikuvannya ta nastroyi suspil’stva [As Ukrainians understand the European integration: expectations and attitudes of society]. 2015. Access mode: http://dif.org.ua/ua/publications/press-relizy/jak-ukrainci-rozumiyut-evrointegraciyu-ochikuvannja--ta-nastroi-suspilstva.htm (in Ukrainian)
10. Duff, E, McCamant, J.F., 1968. Measuring Social and Political Requitrements for System Stability in Latin America. The American Political Science Review, 4, 1125-1143.
Published
2017-01-26
How to Cite
Ishchenko, I. (2017). Character of the mutual perception of the political system and the environment as a criterion of the political security. Grani, 19(10), 50-54. https://doi.org/10.15421/1716104
Section
Статті