The ethics of truth in the era of technological civilization and the information

  • N. V. Nesprava Dnipropetrovsk state university of internal affairs
Keywords: ethics of truth, truth, technological civilization, information society

Abstract

The technological civilization and information society give a lot of advantages to a modern man in various fields. However, at the same time, we do not see a decrease in hostility and injustice in the society. Moreover, technological progress has led to the fact that human civilization is on the verge of a serious challenge caused by environmental disasters and opportunity for unprecedented disastrous consequences of the World War III. In these circumstances, the search for the causes of the current crisis is actual as well as the development of concepts that can contribute to overcoming this crisis. One of the most promising theories in this context is the ethics of truth. In modern civilization the issue of the importance of truth is shifted to the periphery of the intellectual discourse. Modern civilization uses only substitutes of the issue. Veracity in science together with popular opinions in the field of information circulating are such substitutes of truth. However, these substitutes do not fully reflect the true contents of the truth issue. The truth is not confined to the veracity of a celebrity’s opinion. Analyzing the theories by H. Jonas, В. Hübner, V. Stepin and T. Voronina, the study argues that the processes of losing of the meaning of life are intensifying in the modern civilization. We argue that a lack of a proper attention in modern civilization to the issue of truth inevitably stimulates processes of diluting the meaning of human life. Based on the theories by G. Hegel, H.-G. Gadamer and J. Neidleman T. Osborne, the study demonstrates that without thinking about the issue of the truth one cannot come near to the transcendent, and thus, his life could not be convincingly endowed with meaning, fullness and a purpose of existence. Understanding the issue of truth is especially important in conditions of the modern civilization, because our civilization is facing the possibility of self-destruction as a result of its unscrupulous using of capabilities of destructive technologies. In order to survive, humanity has to try and find the purpose and meaning of its existence, which lie beyond the selfish needs and short-term benefits. The possibility of this depends on human understanding the importance of the ethics of truth. It is important to develop H. Jonas’ ideas about human responsibility for future of the mankind by the idea of responsibility for meaningfulness of human future. Stimulating public interest for the truth can not only warn against return in the future to a situation when the civilization is on the verge of death, but also endue the human existence with fullness.

References

Alekseeva, I. Ju., (1999). Vozniknovenie ideologii informacionnogo obshhestva [The emergence of the ideology of the Information Society]. Informacionnoe obshhestvo 1, 30-35 (in Russian)

Behmann, G., (2010). Sovremennoe obshhestvo: obshhestvo riska, informacionnoe obshhestvo, obshhestvo znanij [Modern society: risk society, information society, knowledge society]. Logos, Moscow (in Russian)

Voronina, T. P., (1995). Filosofskie problemy obrazovanija v informacionnom obshhestve [Philosophical problems of education in the information society]: Avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie nauchnoj stepeni doktora filosofskih nauk, special’nost’ 09.00.08 «Filosofija nauki i tehniki». , Moscow (in Russian)

Gadamer, H.-G., (1991). Chto est’ istina? [What is truth?]. Logos 1, 30-37 (in Russian)

Gadzhikurbanova, P. A., (2003) Strah i otvetstvennost’: etika tehnologicheskoj civilizacii Gansa Jonasa [Fear and responsibility: Hans Jonas’ ethics of technological civilization]. Eticheskaja mysl’ 4, 161-177 (in Russian)

Hegel, G. V., (1975). Enciklopedija filosofskih nauk. Nauka logiki [Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Science of logic]. Mysl’, Moscow (in Russian)

Jonas, H., (2004). Princip otvetstvennosti. Opyt jetiki dlja tehnologicheskoj civilizacii [The principles of responsibility]. Ajris-press, Moscow (in Russian)

Koval’, E.V., (2011). Jetos informacionnogo obshhestva [The ethos of the Information Society]: Avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie nauchnoj stepeni kandidata filosofskih nauk po special’nosti 09.00.05 «Jetika». Saransk (in Russian)

Stjopin, V.S., (1989). Nauchnoe poznanie i cennosti tehnogennoj civilizacii [Scientific knowledge and values of the technological civilization]. Voprosy filosofii 10, 3-18 (in Russian)

Hjubner, B., (2000). Proizvol’nyj etoc i prinuditel’nost’ estetiki [Arbitrary ethos and compulsion of aesthetics]. Propilei, Minsk (in Russian)

Neidleman, J., (2016). Rousseau’s Ethics of Truth: A Sublime Science of Simple Souls. London: Routledge.

Osborne, T., (1998). Aspects of Enlightenment: Social Theory and the Ethics of Truth. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

Published
2017-01-26
How to Cite
Nesprava, N. V. (2017). The ethics of truth in the era of technological civilization and the information. Scientific and Theoretical Almanac Grani, 19(10), 5-9. https://doi.org/10.15421/171698
Section
Article