Religiousness and economic security of the west: to the problem of correlation
AbstractThe aim of this study was evidence that religious faith and its associated values are in a stable relationship with economic security and the level of modernization of society. In this context, the theory of secularization involved and their impact on society. The latter had the basis for understanding the origin of the modernization process and its importance to society. In addition, it was noted that the view of the world, which is primed to traditional beliefs and values, had to give way to a scientific worldview. Within the scientific outlook was replaced unexplained mystical «logic» on the logic of materialistic and secular. Rather than seek spiritual salvation, rescue people changed motivation motivation economic achievements, which identified their main goals and commitment to modern society. From the above named follows that secularization and modernization are inextricably linked with one. Both have a negative impact on religion, encouraging people to use their knowledge to control their environment and destiny, rather than relying on traditional beliefs religious doctrines. If you agree with this postulate, it becomes clear that the modernization which is movable secular outlook, leading to prioritize economic values over religious beliefs and values. The relationship between religiosity and decrease the level of economic security can be empirically-proven. In order to confirm the thesis was marked asked to secondary data analysis study of seven Western countries, which showed that five of the seven countries fit in the defined trend. On the modernization of the surveyed communities in particular - in the US - have greatly influenced religious movements that have arisen as a result of Reformation Catholic Church. Compared to traditional kinds of Christianity, these new religions, sects and religions in religious ethics have expressed tolerance and accumulation of entrepreneurial success, but economic self-actualization as a substitute spiritual self-actualization. Even if secularization and modernization can be identified as current processes in almost all Western societies, some traditional values that are rooted in religion, will always serve as an indicator of social order and stability (eg in the context of negative moral and ethical evaluation of crime, in particular - theft or murder are prosecuted not only in criminal law, but also religious ethics). While traditional values apparently losing its influence in a number of areas of public life, some of them still meet social ekspektatsii and thus remain relevant to modern times.
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