Theoretical and methodological bases of studying the symbolization of social and political reality in transit societies

  • O. V. Slavina The Oles Honchar Dnepropetrovsk national university
Keywords: symbolization, social construction of reality, political transformation, democratic transition, political myth


This article is an attempt to form a methodological foundation to explore the process of symbolic constructioning of reality in the political systems in a state of democratic transition. From the author’s point of view, such transit systems differ with the phenomenal features of transitional type of sign-symbolic context. There are the most significant of them: the confrontation of symbols of old and new, and the formation of public anxiety due to violation of the established values (significant symbols). The result of these processes is the emergence of the conditions for increasing capacity of perception of new symbols (re-symbolization), transmigration of symbolic forms, the appearance of spontaneous symbolic interactions in the community in the form of political protests, rallies, and panic. In this regard, it is necessary to understand the possibilities of the productive management of the collective consciousness in transit period to achieve mental solidarity of concrete society with democratic values. To perform this task, author develops the appropriate tools, which are based on the phenomenological theory, the Schutz’s theory of the constitution of the multiple realities, the philosophy of symbolic forms of E. Cassirer, the theory of social construction of P. Berger and T. Luckmann, as well as Lotman’s semiotic concept. It is concluded that in the collision of alternative symbolic projects of social order it is advisable to resort to controlled symbolization (the production of special symbolic codes of political legitimation). At the same time it is important to understand the mechanisms of auto- symbolization of the society (changing of mass consciousness by virtue of the progressive development of the political culture of people). Careless use of these technologies in the countries with non-consolidated democracy may become a factor of destabilization and formation of the conditions for authoritarian rollback.

Author Biography

O. V. Slavina, The Oles Honchar Dnepropetrovsk national university


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How to Cite
Slavina, O. (2014). Theoretical and methodological bases of studying the symbolization of social and political reality in transit societies. Grani, 17(11), 81-85. Retrieved from