Compensatory function of crime fiction texts in mass culture
AbstractPhilosophical and anthropological analysis allowed to confirm that the compensatory function is one of the basic functions of formulaic crime fiction texts in mass culture. It closely interacts and has no clear borderlines with other anthropological functions of the crime fiction genre. Structuring and systematizing human consciousness, entertaining and educating the recipient, the compensatory function positively influences the addresser, the addressee and the modern society. In the mass culture the function under consideration has a number of aspects, in particular, therapeutic, entertaining, educating etc. It transforms into a mechanism of regulating mental state when life processes are becoming more complicated and human psyche needs regular training and relaxation (including the creation of virtual situations in the crime fiction world, associated with crime, violence, aggression and their effects for all the related parties). However, the compensatory function of crime fiction texts also follows classical traditions, oriented on rationalism and enlightenment, as well as encourages regulation of moral and legal state system in the times of Modernity and Postmodernity, that is promotes moral and legal culture in the society.
Gorelov A.A. Evolutsia kutlury i ekologii (The Evolution of Culture and Ecology). Мoscow : Institute Filosofii RAN, 2002. 245 p.
Yesakov V.А. Megapolis i yego kultura (na primere Moskvy) (Megalopolis and its Culture (based on Moscow)). Мoscow : Alpha-М, 2008. 208 p.
Karmalova Ye.Yu. Audiovizualnaya reklama v kontekste kultury: mif, literatura, kinematograpf (Audio and Visual Advertising in Culture: Myth, Literature and Cinematograph). Saint-Petersburg.: Publishing house of Saint-Petersburg University, 2008. 213 p.
Kustarev А. Transformatsia russkoy literatury (Transformation of Russian Literature). Syntax. Paris, 1992. № 33. p. 76
Markulan Ya. Detektiv. Chto eto takoye? Morfologia zhanra (A detective story. What is it. Genre morphology). [Electronic resource]. Access mode: www.ruthenia.ru/volsky/txt/markulan.doc
Mikhailov I.А. Max Horkheimer. Stanovlenie Frankfurtskoy shkoly socialnykh issledovaniy (Max Horkheimer. The Evolution of Frankfurt Institute of Social Research). P.2: 1940-1973. Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Philosophy. Moscow.: Publishing house of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2010. 294 p.
Safronova L.V. Postmodernistsky tekst: poetika manipulyatsii (Postmodernistic text: poetics of manipulation). Saint-Petersburg.: Publishing house Petropolis, 2009. 212 p.
Teoreticheskaya kulturologia (Theoretical Cultural Studies). Moscow: Academic Project; Yekaterinburg: Delovaya Kniga; RIK, 2005. 624 p. (Series «Encyclopaedia of Cultural Studies»)
Chukovsky К.І. Nat Pinkerton and sovremennaya literatura (Nat Pinkerton and Modern Literature) / Collected works. V. 7, Moscow: Terra-Knizhny Klub, 2003 [Electronic resource]. – Access mode: http://www.chukfamily.ru/Kornei/Prosa/Pinkerton.htm
Jacino Malgorzata Kultura Indywidualizmu (The Culture of Individualism). Kharkiv: Jumanitarian Centre, 2012. 280 р.
Salzani Carlo Constellations of Reading: Walter Benjamin in Figures of Actuality (Cultural History and Literary Imagination) Oxford: Peter Lang, 2009.