Diplomacy of Bulgaria to resolve «macedonian question» before the first world war
AbstractThis article gives a short overview of the international situation on the eve of World war I, the analysis of foreign policy and diplomacy Bulgaria relatively solving the «Macedonian question». Particular attention is given to the diplomatic conflict between Bulgaria and the Balkans, and the role of Bulgaria in the conflict. Emphasizes the controversial policy of Bulgaria, which is quite evasive and carefully behaved on the eve of global conflict. It is noted that the beginning of the military conflict in Europe automatically done Bulgarian revisionist foreign policy revanchist policy. The fact that the Bulgarian national question was also a territorial issue. Bulgaria had a claim to almost each of its four neighbors. Diversity its revisionism would cause significant difficulties in any major state or coalition of states that have set a goal of attracting Bulgaria as an ally. It is noted that the definition of Bulgarian foreign policy concept of the crucial role played by King Ferdinand. «All Bulgarian political life, especially foreign policy, guided by the king, - said the Russian envoy in Sofia AA Savinskyy. - Ministers are blind instrument in his hands.» [5, P. 741-742]. It is noted that at the beginning of the first World War Macedonian lands were subject to bargaining between Bulgaria and the Entente, on the one hand and the Central Powers - on the other. For entry into the war both coalition promised Sophia accession Vardarskoyi and the part of Aegean Macedonia. Bulgaria’s main mistake was that it entered the World War on the side not to «friends» and to the side of the oppressor century of Bulgarian land - of the Ottoman Empire. The article was followed that liberated severe suffering, Bulgaria passed to the enemy, seeking «justice.» This step was considered by public opinion as «ingratitude» and under the authority of Bulgaria fell more. The article also contains description of the situation in the country before world war and during the neutrality of Bulgaria, analyzed the complexity of its foreign policy objectives that guided the Bulgarian policy, to address the main question - «Macedonian».
Abdikatsiyata na tsar Ferdinand. Dokumenti, spomeni, fakti. Sofiya, (Аbdication of King Ferdinand. Documents, memories, facts.)1993. р. 49
Voznesenskiy V.D. Koburgi v Bolgarii (Coburg in Bulgaria). Novaya i noveyshaya istoriya.1991. № 3.
Vlakhov T. Otnosheniyata mezhdu Bulgariya i Tsentralnite sili po vreme na voinite 1912-1918 g.( Relations between Bulgaria and the Central Powers during the wars 1912-1918) Sofiya, 1957. Р. 176-178, 227
Genov G.P. Politicheska i diplomaticheska istoriya na Bulgariya. Bulgariya i purvata svetovna voiina. (Political and diplomatic history of Bulgaria. Bulgaria and the First World War) CH.1, ХХІ «Van’o Nedov», S., 2006, 252 s.
Diplomaticheski dokumenti po uchastieto na Bulgariya v Evropeiiskata voiina. (Diplomatic documents the participation of Bulgaria in the European war.) T. 2. Sofiya, 1921. № 1156. S. 741-742.
Ilchev I. Bulgariya i Antantata prez Purvata svetovna voiina (Bulgaria and the Entente in the first World War ). Sofiya, 1990. Р. 49, 235-236
Ilchev I. Rodinata mi — prava ili ne! Vunshnopoliticheska propaganda na balkanskite strani (1821-1923) (My country - right or not! Foreign propaganda in the Balkans (1821-1923)). Sofiya, 1996. S. 193, 269, 418
Markov G. Golyamata voiina i bulgarskiyat klyuch za evropeiiskiya pogreb. 1914-1916. (The Great War and the Bulgarian key for European keg. 1914-1916) Sofiya, 1995. S. 52, 160-161, 181.
Solov’ev YU. Vospominaniya diplomata (1893-1922). (Memories diplomat (1893-1922)) M., 1959. S. 149.
Notovich F.I. Diplomaticheskaya bor’ba v gody pervoi’ mirovoi’ voiin. (Diplomatic struggle in the First World War) t. 1.M.-L., 1947, s. 96.
Notovich F.I. O popytkakh avstriisko-germanskoii diplomatii vovlech’ Bolgariyu v mirovuyu voiinu v avguste 1914 g. - Novaya i noveiishaya istoriya. (On trying to Austrian-German diplomacy involve Bulgaria in World War I in August 1914 - Modern and Contemporary History) 1960, № 1, s. 117.
Statelova E., Popov R., Tankova V. Istoriya na bulgarskata diplomatsiya 1879-1913. (History of Bulgarian Diplomacy 1879-1913) Sofiya, 1994
Tsentral’nyii derzhavnyii arkhiv Sofii (Dalee - TSDAS). Dokumenty iz arkhivov Narodnogo sobraniya., F.173k. (Central sovereign archive Sofia (Next - TSDAS). Documents from the archives of the National Assembly., F.173k.)
TSDAS. – Dokumenty iz arkhivov Ministerstva vneshnikh del i ispovedanii – politicheskaya direktsiya 1878-1943., F. 176k. (TSDAS. - Documents from the archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Confessions - Political Directorate 1878-1943., F. 176k.)
TSDAS. – Dokumenty iz arkhivov Monarkhicheskogo instituta., F. 3k. (TSDAS. - Documents from the archives Monarchic Institute., F. 3k)