Sociocultural dimension of poverty in conditions of society of crisis


  • J. S. Rymar Taras Shevchenko national university of Kyiv
Keywords: poverty, subcultural approach, group of poor, subculture of poverty, social structure, cultural capital, «new» forms of poverty

Abstract

This particular paper proposes a theoretical grounding of potential cognitive research strategy, under which basic methodological principles of poverty as a social phenomenon should be analyzed taking into account the whole range of various components of the institutional dimension of society and also the social and cultural realities within which individual experiences its own livelihoods. Practically, it means for researcher one considerable fact that determination of poverty could not and should not be perceived only as a result of wide structural changes which result in situation when one or another social group becomes poor. Furthermore, the author also noticed that mechanisms of reproduction of poverty to structural and institutional level functioning of society derive research focus on the level of socio-cultural analysis of poverty, thereby actually insisting on complexity of the synthesis and methodological research strategies that are known in modern social sciences. This article experiences an attempt to resolve different methodological problems associated with measuring of subculture of poverty, which is characterized by a specific system of values and attitudes, accepted among the poor with lesser or greater degree of intensity. Moreover, by the article author analyzed diversified approaches to the study of subculture of poverty, which expresses the whole range of different socio-cultural features of poverty in one particular concept. This aspect of the article is considered to be limitlessly significant for researcher who is involved in a work with cultural specific of poverty reproduction inside the society. To widen a socio-cultural focus on defined research problem, discourse of this particular text is considered with a factor of cultural resource, acquiring the status of capital, it is able to turn into an important factor of influence on the one hand - the reproduction of poverty in different social structure, mainly it deals with the social group of so-called «new poor» or, vice versa - be special group characteristic that provides the potential for rapid poverty reduction in favorable institutional and structural conditions, especially when these conditions are getting better.

References

1. Burd’e P., 2002. Formy kapitala [Forms of capital]. Jekonomicheskaja sociologija 5, 60-75 (in Russian).
2. Gordon L. A., 1994. Chetyre roda bednosti v sovremennoj Rossii [Four types of poverty in contemporary Russia]. Sociologicheskij zhurnal 4, 25-29 (in Russian).
3. Inglehart R., 1997. Postmodern: menjajushhiesja cennosti i izmenjajushhiesja obshhestva [Postmodernism: changing values and changing societies]. Polis (Politicheskie issledovanija) 4, 41-52 (in Russian).
4. Kolman Dzh., 2001. Kapital social’nyj i chelovecheskij [Social and human capitals] Obshhestvennye nauki i sovremennost 3, 122-139 (in Russian).
5. Karvac’kij A., Antonovich D., 2005. Anderklas і kul’tura bіdnostі v oseredkah kolishnіh derzhavnih sіl’s’kih gospodarstv u kontekstі teoretichnih ta іnterpretacіjnih diskusіj [Underclass and culture of poverty in locations of former rural economy in the context of theoretical and interpretational discusses]. Socіologіja: teorіja metodi, marketing 1, 36-60 (in Ukrainian).
6. Parsons T., 1998. Sistema sovremennyh obshhestv [System of modern societies]; [per. s angl. Sedova L.A., Kovaleva A. D.]. AspektPress, Moscow (in Russian).
7. Sorokin P. A. Chelovek. Civilizacija. Obshhestvo [Human. Civilization. Society.]. Access: http://socd.univ.kiev.ua/sites/default/files/library/elclosed/sorokin.pdf.
8. Radaev V.V., 2000. Rabotajushhie bednye: velik li zapas prochnosti [Working poor: whether there is a huge margin of safety]. Sociologicheskie issledovanija 8, 28-37 (in Russian).
9. Fukuyama F., 2004. Doverie: Social’nye dobrodeteli i put’ k procvetaniju [Trust: Social virtues and the way to prosperity]. AST, Moscow (in Russian).
10. Gans H., 1965. Poverty & culture. Poverty in America, edited by L. Ferman. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (in English).
11. Lewis O., 1968. Culture of Poverty. On understanding Poverty: Perspectives from the Social Sciences, edited by Daniel Patrick Moynihan. Basic Books, New York (in English).
12. Miller W., 1958. Lower class culture as a generating milieu of gang delinquency. Journal of social issues 14, 5-19 (in English).
13. Wilson W., 1989. The Ghetto underclass: Issues, Perspectives and Public Policy. The Annals 501 (in English).
Published
2016-06-14
How to Cite
Rymar, J. (2016). Sociocultural dimension of poverty in conditions of society of crisis. Grani, 19(8), 173-179. https://doi.org/10.15421/171668
Section
Статті