Daily life historyasmodern direction of urban history of Englandof High Middle Ages


  • O. S. Okhrimenko Taras Shevchenko national university of Kyiv
Keywords: historiography, medieval towns, daily life, England

Abstract

Historiographical review of recent research is an important aspect of the scientific study of the problems of medieval urban history of England. In 2000s there was marked the beginning of years of studying the history of everyday of medieval towns. The most important works in this field are the studies of Professor C. Dyer. Studying the history of everyday life of the city the researcher has identified as «standards of living». One of the modern directions of the history of everyday life is a history of food. There is the significant research of Professor M. Carlin on the history of English feasting of urban residents of the Middle Ages. In the article Fast food and urban living standards in medieval England, she looked anew at the narrative sources XII-XIV centuries. Another area of daily life history is a history of clothes (fashion). L. A. Wilson in his work De novo modo: The birth of fashion in the Middle Ages analyzes comprehensively the written, visual, and archaeological evidence. Modern interpretations of medieval hygiene (including sanitation of medieval towns) related to research in the area of a history body. Its appointed destination for British urban sources dealing D. Jorgensen, D. Keene, U. Ewert, G. Geltner, J. Lee etc. They revised the traditional view medievalists of the nineteenth century. At the present period the historiography of medieval towns of England are mostly social history. Towards the history of everyday life there is a tendency to positive characteristics of urban life in the English Middle Ages. Contemporary scholars refer to the current trends in the world. Active urbanization processes forced researchers to seek appeal of such a way of life in previous centuries, particularly in the Middle Ages. The key features of everyday modern city (commercialization, fast food, fashion, high standards of hygiene etc.) historians find their roots in the past.

Author Biography

O. S. Okhrimenko, Taras Shevchenko national university of Kyiv
postgraduate

References

1. Carlin, M. Fast Food and Urban Living Standards in Medieval England.Food and eating in medieval Europe/ Ed. by M. Carlin, J. T. Rosenthal.London; Rio Grande, Ohio, Hambledon Press, 1998, pp. 27-51.
2. CommercialActivity, MarketsandEntrepreneursintheMiddleAges: EssaysinHonourofRichardBritnell,Ed. byB. Doddsand C. D. Liddy.Woodbridge, Boydell&Brewer, 2011,xv + 256p.
3. Dyer, C.Making a living in the middle ages: the people of Britain 850-1520. New Haven, Yale University Press, 2002, x, 403 p.
4. Dyos, H.J. Exploring the urban past: essays in urban history, Ed. by D. Cannadine, D. A. Reeder. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1982, xix, 258 p.
5. Ewert, U. C. Water, Public Hygiene and Fire Control in Medieval Towns: Facing Collective Goods Problems while Ensuring the Quality of Life,Historical Social Reseach, 2007, Vol. 32, No. 4, p. 222-251.
6. French, G. Bibliography of urban history 2011,Urban History, 2011,Vol. 38, Scec.Is. 03, Nov., p. 500-544.
7. French, G. Bibliography of urban history 2012,Urban History, 2012, Vol. 39, Is. 04, Nov., p. 693-738.
8. French, G. Bibliography of urban history 2013,Urban History, 2013, Vol. 40, Scec.Is. 04., Nov., p. 730-774.
9. Geltner, G.Healthcaping a medieval city,Urban History, 2013, Vol. 40, Is. 03, August, p. 395-415.
10. Geltner, G. Public Health and the Pre-Modern City: A Research Agenda,History Compass, 2012, Vol. 10, No. 3, p. 231-245.
11. Haemers, J., Sennefelt, K., Miskell, L.Review of periodical articles,Urban History, 2014, Vol. 41, Is. 02, May,p. 333-355.
12. Haemers, J., Sennefelt, K., Miskell, L. Review of periodical articles,Urban History, 2013, Vol. 40, Is. 02, May, p. 355-381.
13. Jorgensen, D. «All Good Rule of the City»: Sanitation and Civic Government in England, 1400-1600,Journal of Urban History, 2010, Vol. 36, No. 3, p. 300-315.
14. Jorgensen, D. Cooperative sanitation: Managing streets and gutters in late medieval England and Scandinavia,Technology and Culture, 2008, Vol. 49, No. 3,p. 547-567.
15. Jorgensen, D. What to do with Wast? Living cities: An anthology in urban environmental history, Stockholm, 2010, p. 34-55.
16. Lee, J. S. Piped water supplies managed by civil bodies in medieval English towns,Urban History, 2014, Vol. 41, Is. 03, August, p. 369-393.
17. LondonandBeyond. EssaysinHonourofDerekKeene,Ed. by M.Daviesand J. A. Galloway,London,UniversityofLondon, SchoolofAdvancedStudy, InstituteofHistoricalResearch, 2012,xviii + 373p.
18. Palliser,D. M. Introductory,The Cambridge Urban History of Britain, ed. by D. M. Palliser,Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2000, 2nd edition, Vol. I. 600 – 1540, p. 3-15.
19. Pluskota, M. Research in urban history: resent Ph. D. thesis on gender and the city, 1550-2000, Urban History, 2014, Vol. 41, Is. 03, August, p. 537-546.
20. Reynolds, S. An introduction to the history of English medieval towns, Oxford [Eng.]: Clarendon Press, 1977, xiii, 234 p.
21. Reynolds, S. Medieval urban history and the history of political thought,Urban History, 1982, Vol. 9, May, p. 14-23.
22. Survival and Discord in Medieval Society, Essays in Honour of Christopher Dyer, ed. by Richard Goddard, John Langdon, Miriam Mller, Turnhout, Belgium, Brepols, 2010, 306 p.
23. The study of urban history, ed. by H.J. Dyos. The proceedings of an international round-table conference of the Urban History Group at Gilbert Murray Hall, University of Leicester on 23-26 September 1966, London, Edward Arnold, 1971, 400 p.
24. Wilson, L. A. «De novo modo»: The birth of fashion in the Middle Ages, Fordham University, 2011.
Published
2014-07-21
How to Cite
Okhrimenko, O. (2014). Daily life historyasmodern direction of urban history of Englandof High Middle Ages. Grani, 17(9), 144-148. Retrieved from https://grani.org.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/652
Section
HISTORY