Symbolic changes in the space of the city in sociocultural contexts of XX st.
AbstractIn the article on the material of urbanonymy of Kiev demonstrated changes in creating and using a symbolic space for the approval of the state ideology. The author identifies five chronological periods: the pre-Soviet (before 1917), pre-war (1917-1941,), post-war (1941-1955), during the thaw and stagnation (1955-1986) and perestroika and independence (after 1986). It is demonstrated that in the twentieth century, the creation and modification urbanonymy are not spontaneously, but by administrative means. Urbanonymy in Soviet period is rarely associated with local toponymy. The names of streets and other urban facilities are formed from the names of the revolutionaries, military, authorities figures - and symbolic space of the city is like the necropolis. Also a very common use of geographical names with the UkrSSR and the entire Soviet Union. This results in a reduction informative and identifying the functions of urbanonymy and magnification ideological function. The city’s population is alienated from own streets, own place of life, is formed an abstract patriotism, but any local is condemned.In independent Ukraine we can seen the revival of forgotten names artistic figures, local toponymy, and new heroes are glorified in the names of streets. This is like a modern strategy of «back to basics» and «Pantheon of heroes».
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