Features of emergence and development of «entrepreneurial university» in the structure of higher education
AbstractIn this article, the author refers to the concept of «entrepreneurial university» and above all, the features of its emergence, development and existence in the Ukrainian educational system. Attention is focused on the predictors of appearance of entrepreneurial universities, their main characteristics, challenges and requirements. Selecting prerequisites for transforming the entrepreneurial university, the author notes that there is a need to develop the «entrepreneurial spirit» in educational institutions and encourage students and teachers to create a research environment that will be the center of research, development centers, research laboratories, and available teaching positions, such as researcher, lecturercounsellor, lecturerexpert. Developing infrastructure in the universities, which in particular implies the creation of business incubators, business laboratories, centers for entepreneurship students, organizations of commercial and noncommercial type, which can include both the general structure of the University, and be alone, we need to create conditions for innovation and development. In this article the theoretical and methodological analysis of the phenomenon of the emergence and development of the entrepreneurial university from the sociological point of view is made. Indeed, in the sociological literature is not fully disclosed the phenomena of entrepreneurship, the importance of entrepreneurial universities for the development of the educational system, their extraordinary role in innovation, corporate culture and social transformation as a process in general.
Dmitriev G.D. Anatomiya amerikanskogo universiteta (Anatomy of an American university). M.: Narodnoe obrazovanie, 2005. 223 р.
Kovalenko A.I. Obrazovatelnoe antreprenerstvo (Educational antreprenerstvo). M.: OOO «Market DS Korporeyshn», 2004. 166 р.
Predprinimatelskie universitetyi v innovatsionnoy ekonomike (Entrepreneurial universities in the innovation economy). M.: OOO «Market DS Korporeyshn», 2005. 402 р.
Clark B.R. Creating Enterpreneurial Universities: Organ izational Pathways of Transormation. London and New York. International Association of Universities Press and PergamonElsevier Science, 1998. 198 p.
Ropke J. The Entrepreneurial University: Innovation, academic knowledge creation and regional development in a globalized economy. N.Y., 1998. 244 p.
Schulte P. The entrepreneurial university: a strategy for institutional development. London: Higher education in Europe, 1998. Vol. 29. P. 187193.
Stevens A. J. The Enactment of BayhDole [Text] / A.J. Stevens. – London: J. of Technology Transfer, 2004. № 29 (1). P. 9399.