The origins of biopolitics as a new direction of research within the national political science


  • A. Y. Kravets The Oles Honchar Dnepropetrovsk national university Address: 72, Gagarin av., Dnipropetrovsk, 49010, Ukraine
Keywords: biopolitcs, origins of biopolitics, evolutionary theories, «homo politicus», political behaviour

Abstract

The origins of biopolitics as a new scientific discipline is the main aim of the article. There is no clear vision of biopolitics origins among scientific community: some biopolitics see them in the evolution of biological knowledge, others – in the political concepts. The article represents comprehensive approach to this scientific problem and includes philosophical, biological, political and psychological origins of biopolitics, which helps clarify the scientific knowledge about the subject and scientific interest of this discipline. Biopolitics isinterdisciplinary branch of knowledge, which combines multitude of researching trends. In case we’re going to use biopolitical researching for political analysis: background and evolution of human political behaviour, psycho-physiological aspects of such behaviour, function of upbringing and social norms in transformation of social behaviour and later on the political one, influence of the political behaviour to political process and so on. Thus biopolitics could be defined in context of political discourse as related discipline researching «homo politicus» as biological species with emphasis to psycho-physiological mechanisms of political behaviour and theirs influence to political process. Actualization of biopolitical analytics in modern political science is connected with the process of interconnection of natural and socio-humanitarian knowledge, in particular, with biology and political science. XXI century is the century of biocentrism, because biopolitics believe that the driving force of all political processes, the central element of any political system is the individual - homo politicus. From the second half of the twentieth century, Western political science has developed a tendency to reorient research on the study of political systems, institutions and processes to analyze the behavior of political actors.

Author Biography

A. Y. Kravets, The Oles Honchar Dnepropetrovsk national university Address: 72, Gagarin av., Dnipropetrovsk, 49010, Ukraine
PhD in political science, associate professor

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Published
2016-02-19
How to Cite
Kravets, A. (2016). The origins of biopolitics as a new direction of research within the national political science. Grani, 19(3), 68-72. https://doi.org/10.15421/1716062
Section
POLITICAL SCIENCE