Iberian model separatism: a sociological aspect

  • V. V. Rahmaylov classical private university
Keywords: separatism autonomism, irredentism, setsesionizm, Iberian model of separatism, ethnic identity


Experience in the development of separatist movements in Spain and particularly Italy, is important for Ukraine because of the prevalence of small areas of separatism and fragmentation of ethnic identities residents of different regions, cities and towns of our country. Spanish model separatism linked to economic reasons ­ financial origin. Catalonia was one of the first Spanish provinces, where industrialization was carried out and developed industrial enterprise. The purpose of industrial development was the creation of mechanisms of centralization, but eventually it went wrong. Now it is the most developed region of the kingdom, who believes the rest of the Spanish territories economically unprofitable. Significant gains region also receives travel through communications. A large number of factors also applies to ethnic and cultural identity, which is positioned on the basis of general denial of the Spanish box art and culture in general. Italian model separatism associated with five provinces with special status, only two of which are entitled to outside of official communication and correspondence using local dialect (Tuscany and Calabria).Overall separatism is caused by the resolution of the country into two major sectors of the diverse stratification systems: industrial north of developed middle class and peasant populations south of the farm and mafia groups that represent social vestige of the feudal era. Due to this local patriotism in Italy still prevails over national patriotism, and separatist movements get their makeup including outside (France, Austria, the EU as a whole). Is made evident opposition of small regional communities (towns, villages), the constant confrontation between which casts doubt preserve Italy as a coherent state. Factor separatism is also the practical isolation of the Roman bureaucracy of regional interests and mafia infiltration grouped through the lobby of the structure of the central government. 

Author Biography

V. V. Rahmaylov, classical private university


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How to Cite
Rahmaylov, V. V. (2014). Iberian model separatism: a sociological aspect. Scientific and Theoretical Almanac Grani, 17(8), 85-92. Retrieved from https://grani.org.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/598