Features of information policy in the Nordic countries


  • P. A. Strunin Eastern National University Vladimir Dal
Keywords: information, communication, information policy, information sovereignty, information products, e­government, information and communication technologies (ICT)

Abstract

This article analyzes the conceptual principles of implementation of the policy Northern European countries. Based on key indexes that measured the quality of democracy level of development freedom of speech, level of development information and communication technologies, determined that within the analyzed region leaders are five countries – Iceland, Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Finland.Brought, that a prominent role in the formation of modern and effective information policy played governments surveyed countries in the early 1990s adopted a concept of building information society and e­government. Is noted crucial feature of information policy in the region – namely distinct social orientation. Another important factor for quality implementation of information policy and building an information society was the presence of a national consensus of the main political actors and citizens about priority development of information and communication technologies.A result of research features implementation of information policy in the Nordic countries it is possible to identify common characteristics of all the countries: access to information; create a national information potential; use of information resources in the national interest; create a common health information; promote international cooperation in the field of communication and information; warranty information sovereignty of the state; development of information infrastructure; development of e­government; enhance information literacy; use of ICT in all spheres of society – the economy, education, medicine and so on.

Author Biography

P. A. Strunin, Eastern National University Vladimir Dal
political science, associate professor

References

1. Antjushina, N. M. Severnaja Evropa: perehod na innovacionnoe razvitie (Northern Europe: the transition to innovative development). Vestnik Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo gumanitarnogo universiteta, 2012, no 2, pp.244­251.
2. Economist Intelligence Unit: Indeks demokratii stran mira 2012 goda (Economist Intelligence Unit: The Democracy Index 2012). Centr gumanitarnyh tehnologij. Regime to access: http://gtmarket.ru/news/2013/03/19/5679
3. Eurostat: bol’she 100 millionov evropejcev nikogda ne pol’zovalis’ Internetom (Eurostat: more than 100 million Europeans have never used the Internet). ToWave. Regime to access: http://www.towave.ru/news/eurostat­bolshe­100­millionov­evropeitsev­nikogda­ne­polzovalis­internetom.html
4. Informacionnoe obshhestvo dlja vseh. Shvedskaja IT politika (Information society for all. Swedish IT policy). Regime to access: http://www.unesco.kz/ip/countries/swedish_itstrat_rus.htm
5. Mezhevich, N. M., Pribyshin, T. K. Innovacionnaja jekonomika v regione Baltijskogo morja (Innovative economy in the Baltic Sea Region). Baltijskij region, 2012, no 3, pp. 59­72.
6. Nacional’naja informacionnaja politika: bazovaja model’ (National Information Policies: the basic model), M., 2010, 172 р.
7. Novaja strategija razvitija jelektronnogo obshhestva v Danii napravlena na perevod dokumentooborota v jelektronnyj vid (The new strategy of e­society in Denmark focused on translation of documents in electronic form). GosMenedzhment. Jelektronnyj zhurnal, 2011. Regime to access: http://gosman.ru/?news=18520
8. Rejting stran mira po urovnju razvitija informacionno­kommunikacionnyh tehnologij – informacija ob issledovanii (Ranks countries in terms of development of information and communication technologies ­ information about the study). Centr gumanitarnyh tehnologij. Regime to access: http://gtmarket.ru/ratings/ict­development­index/ict­development­index­info
9. Rzhevs’ka, N. F., Lugovs’ka, S. O. Osoblivostі stanovlennja іnformacіjnogo suspіl’stva v Skandinavs’kih kraїnah (Features of development of information society in the Nordic countries). Materіali Vseukraїns’koї naukovoї konferencії «Ukraїna v sistemі global’nogo іnformacіjnogo obmіnu: teoretiko­metodologіchnі aspekti doslіdzhennja і pіdgotovki fahіvcіv», L’vіv, 27 travnja 2011, Lviv, 2011, pp. 196­200.
10. Freedom House: Rejting svobody SMI v stranah mira 2014 goda (Freedom House: Rating of media freedom in the world in 2014). Centr gumanitarnyh tehnologij. Regime to access: http://gtmarket.ru/news/2014/05/02/6770
11. Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub­regions, and selected economic and other groupings. Official Website of The United Nations. Regime to access: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm#europe
12. Friedrich, C. J., Brzezinski, Zb. Totalitarian dictatorship and autocracy. Cambridge, 1965, 438 p.
13. INFO­SOCIETY 2000. Report from the Committee on the Information Society by the Year 2000, Copenhagen, 1994, 123 р.
14. Uten penn og blekk (Without pen and ink) Kommunal­ og moderniseringsdepartementet. Regime to access: http://www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/kmd/dok/nouer/2001/nou­2001­10/6/2/1.html?id=377392
Published
2014-06-10
How to Cite
Strunin, P. (2014). Features of information policy in the Nordic countries. Grani, 17(7), 107-113. Retrieved from https://grani.org.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/579
Section
POLITICAL SCIENCE