Separatism and nationalism: the problem of correlation

  • V. V. Rahmaylov classical private university
Keywords: separatism, nationalism. regionalism, ethnocentrism, ethnic identity


The study of separatism as diffuse nationalism and regionalism, history of separatist movements, as well as the practice of the parties can come to the following conclusions. Separatism grows out of the crisis nations as ethno­social communities, which achieved an appropriate level identyfikovanosti regional elites of the political system, while maintaining the average and lower social groups, cultural and economic capital.  As the nation form the state and political organization of ethnic communities, which in turn form within a suitable stratification of social groups , the process of nation­building can be considered as two parallel social processes ­ and elitoutvorennyu ­ class (group ­) formation . To refer to this process as sociology and political science researchers posluhovuyutsya concept of «nation ­ building» ­ « nation­building» Nation­building occurs when the respective ethnic community in terms of its internal stratification structure creates elites justifying appropriate doctrines ethnocentrism and manifest the appropriate identity. All separatist doctrines and movements are somehow based on ethnocentrism, which justifies the relationship with the community of the historical area, and the corresponding right to secede. On the other hand, separatist movements can take place not only in ethnic forms of ethnic communities to preserve their language and culture and other features, but also to preserve the identities of other components, including ­ religious and civilization. The most radical separatist types of projects is the separation of ethnic groups within their state on the indigenous historical territory. This version of separatism content coincides with nationalism and determines its functional purpose as a political expression of the interests of the ethnic group in the form of state.


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Author Biography

V. V. Rahmaylov, classical private university


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Rahmaylov, V. V. (2014). Separatism and nationalism: the problem of correlation. Scientific and Theoretical Almanac Grani, 17(7), 88-95. Retrieved from