Cognitive basis of military strategy: I.Kant and C.von Clausewitz

  • Yu. O. Loboda Institute of Philosophy them. GS Pans NAS of Ukraine
Keywords: C.von Clausewitz, I.Kant, war, strategy, transcendental

Abstract

In the paper «Cognitive basis of military strategy: Kant and Clausewitz» was raised a question concerning possible correlations between transcendental philosophy of I.Kant and a project of military theory of C.von Clausewitz. Was elaborated an overview of modern sources related to this question, in the course of which was stated that opinions of the researchers on this problem written both by military specialists and philosophers have superficial character and do not reflect complexity of relations of Clauzewitz’ theory of war and Kantian transcendental philosophy. It was ascertained that C. von Clausewitz replicates Kantian transcendentalism in the following questions: evaluating role of strategic intelligence and military history; absolutist approach to the definition of war, understanding of total war, narrowing of the number of waging war to the decisive armed clashes.C. von Clausewitz follows the I.Kant’s transcendental rationalism building his own system not being based on the practical experience, but on the pure theory, as a result of rationalistic speculations. This approach caused formation of the academic school of military science in Germany, which entailed fatal consequences during World wars in Europe in the XXth century.

Author Biography

Yu. O. Loboda, Institute of Philosophy them. GS Pans NAS of Ukraine
doctoral

References

Anastaplo G. Clausewitz and Intelligence: Some Preliminary Observations / Teaching Political Science, 16:2, p. 77-84.

Aron R. Clausewitz, Philosopher of War. – New York: A Touchstone Book, 1983. – 419 p.

Bassford Ch. Clausewitz in English: the Reception of Clausewitz in Britain and America, 1915 - 1945. - New York: Oxford University Press, Inc., 1994. – 293 p.

Beckmann R. Clausewitz trifft Luhmann Eine systemtheoretische Interpretation von Clausewitz’ Handlungstheorie. – Wiesbaden: VS Verlag, 2011. – 249 p.

Clausewitz Goes Global: Clausewitz in the 21st Century // Ed. by R.Pommerin. – Berlin: Carola Hartmann Miles Verlag, 2011. – 377 p.

Clausewitz in the Twenty-First Century / Ed. by H.Strachan and A.Herberg-Rothe. – Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. – 319 p.

Creuzinger P. Hegels Einfluss auf Clausewitz. - Berlin: R. Eisenschmidt, 1911. – 132 p.

Echevarria A.J. II. Clausewitz and Contemporary War. – Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. – 210 p.

Gat A. The Origins of Military Thought from Enlightenment to Clausewitz. - – Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. – 281 p.

Handel M.I. War, Strategy and Intelligence. – London and New York: Routledge, 2006. – 500 p.

Herberg-Rothe A. Clausewitz’s Puzzle: The Political Theory of War. – Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. – 194 p.

Howard M. Clausewitz. A Very Short Introduction. – Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. – 84 p.

Kahn D. Clausewitz and Intelligence / Journal of Strategic Studies, 9:2-3, p. 117-126.

Kiesewetter I. Grundriss Einer Reinen Allgemeinen Logik nach Kantischen Grundsätzen zum Gebrauch für Vorlesungen, begleitet mit einer weitern Auseinandersetzung für diejenigen, die keine Vorlesungen darüber hören können. – Frankfurt und Leipzig, 1793. – 239 c.

Kohen H. Kants Einfluss Auf Die Deutche Kultur. – Berlin: Ferdinand Dummters Verlag, 1883. – 38 p.

Paret P. Clausewitz and the Sate. – Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976. – 467 p.

Rosello V.M. Clausewitz’s Contempt for Intelligence / Parameters 21 (Spring 1991), p. 103-114.

Schmid J. Die Dialektik von Angriff und Verteidigung. Clausewitz und die stärkere Form des Kriegführens. – Wiesbaden: VS Verlag, 2011. – 280 p.

Smith H. On Clausewitz: a Study of Military and Political Ideas. - New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. – 303 p.

Strachan H. Clausewitz’s On War: a Biography. – New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2007. – 238 p.

Sumida J.T. Decoding Clausewitz: a New Approach to On War. – Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2008. – 234 p.

Wallach J.L. The Dogma of the Battle of Annihilation. The Theories if Clausewitz and Schlieffen and Their Impact on the German Conduct of Two World Wars. – Westport, London: Greenwood Press, 1986. – 335 p.

Willmott H.P., Barrett M.B. Clausewitz Reconsidered. – Santa-Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2010. – 236 p.

Kant I. Kritika chistogo razuma (Critique of Pure Reason). Moskva: Nauka, 1998. 655 р.

Kizevetter I.G.K. Logika dlya upotrebleniya v uchilischah (The logic for use in schools). Sankt-Peterburg: Tipografiya Imperatorskoy Akademii Nauk, 1831. 236 р.

Klauzevits K. 1812 god (1812). Moskva: Zaharov, 2004. 248 р.

Klauzevits K. Italyanskiy pohod Napoleona Bonaparta 1796 goda (Italian campaign of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1796). Moskva: Gosvoenizdat, 1939. 230 р.

Klauzevits K. O voyne (The War). Moskva: Eksmo; Sankt-Peterburg: Midgard, 2007. 864 р.

Klauzevits K. 1799 god (1799). Moskva: Gosvoenizdat, 1938. 243 р.

Klauzevits K. 1806 god (1806). Moskva: Gosvoenizdat, 1937. 296 р.

Liddel Gart. Strategiya nepryamyih deystviy (The strategy of indirect approach). Moskva: AST, Sankt-Peterburg: Terra Fantastica, 2003. 653 р.

Svechin A. Klauzevits (Clausewitz). Moskva: Zhurnalno-gazetnoe ob’edinenie, 1935. 288 р.

Snesarev A.E. Zhizn i trudyi Klauzevitsa (Life and works of Clausewitz). Moskva-Zhukovskiy: Kuchkovo pole, 2007. 383 р.

Sun-tszyi. Iskusstvo strategii (Sun Tzu. The art of strategy). Moskva: Eksmo; Sankt-Peterburg: Midgard, 2006. 528 р.

Tsyurupa M.V. Voennyie teoretiki Evropyi o voyne, mire i natsionalnoy bezopasnosti (European Military theorists of war, peace and national security). Kiev: «KUTEP», 2005. 256 р.

Published
2014-05-27
How to Cite
Loboda, Y. O. (2014). Cognitive basis of military strategy: I.Kant and C.von Clausewitz. Scientific and Theoretical Almanac Grani, 17(7), 42-46. Retrieved from https://grani.org.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/567
Section
PHILOSOPHY