Development of society education among jews in Kherson and Katerynoslav provinces (late nineteenth century)

  • V. O. Yashyn Krivoy Rog Pedagogical Institute SHEE "Kryvyi Rih National University"
Keywords: Jews, secular education, gymnasium, pro­gymnasium, university, vocational training, modernization, South Ukrainian land

Abstract

The article considers some aspects of the spread of secular, general and vocational, secondary and higher education among the Jewish population of Kherson and Katerynoslav provinces in the late nineteenth century. The interest get a secular education was determined economically and reflected the effort of middle and upper strata of Jewish entrepreneurs to integrate into the dominant Christian and Russian­speaking community. Getting a secular high school and university education opens the way to free the Jews of individual civil emancipation. The favorable attitude of the central government contributed to spread the secular education among culturally modernized Jewry in the 1860­1870­th. The schools and universities resorted representatives of a small quantity of wealthy Jews because the economic, legal, cultural and historical factors are due. The Jews been cooperated closely with Christians by supporting of organizational and financial side of secular secondary education.  From 1870­1880’s we note that spreading of professional secular education been accelerated among the Jews of the region. The medicine, commercial and juridical education was the most popular. The outflow of Jewish students to the foreign universities began after the introduction of «interest rules». Spreading of secular education was historically significant cultural impact in twentieth century and generally contributed to the transformation of Jews to the modern nation.

Author Biography

V. O. Yashyn, Krivoy Rog Pedagogical Institute SHEE "Kryvyi Rih National University"
Ph.D.

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Published
2014-04-15
How to Cite
Yashyn, V. O. (2014). Development of society education among jews in Kherson and Katerynoslav provinces (late nineteenth century). Scientific and Theoretical Almanac Grani, 17(5), 114-122. Retrieved from https://grani.org.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/519
Section
HISTORY