Commercialization of higher education: characteristics and trends


  • M. V. Klyov National Aviation University
Keywords: commercialization, academic capitalism, entrepreneurial university, the US and the European model of higher education

Abstract

The article is devoted to the sociological aspects of the theoretical and methodological analysis of the commercialization process in higher education.Much attention is given to the variety of approaches to the study of higher education. Today, sociological discourses used to analyze modern innovation in the education sphere, such as multiculturalism, diversification, confessionalization, regionalization, cosmopolitan atmosphere in the modern world, including the global information technology to the higher education. In the course of innovation and modernization of higher education, commercialization becomes significantly prevalent a phenomenon and a social process of educational institutions, which requires considerable research. The review of the US and European models of higher education makes it possible to understand the essence of appearance in the literature of such concepts as «academic capitalism», «university of market­type» and «entrepreneurial University», analyze relation to the appearance of private education and income and define the priority of commercialization. Indisputably, with both positive and negative, as a result of the reform of higher education appeared the peculiar environment of business education, which requires the existence of new rules of interaction, status­role relationships, values and norms . In some extent, commercialization is a transformation of knowledge into a commodity (speaking in the context of consumer society); however, it is the growing influence of market relations on the purpose and objectives of higher education, the growth of the importance of knowledge as a resource for economic development that focuses on  the concept of an economy based on knowledge.

Author Biography

M. V. Klyov, National Aviation University
teacher

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Published
2014-04-23
How to Cite
Klyov, M. (2014). Commercialization of higher education: characteristics and trends. Grani, 17(5), 85-90. Retrieved from https://grani.org.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/514
Section
SOCIOLOGY