The principle of holism in post-neoclassical philosophy of history


  • Y. A. Dobrolyubska South Ukrainian national pedagogical university named after K. D. Ushynsky
Keywords: system of philosophy of history, post­neoclassical subsystem, the corresponding concept of truth, historical reality, holism, wholeness

Abstract

The principle of holism restores historical science tendency to grasp the past as a «whole matter» and raises the questions about the global synthesis, based on the integration of micro­ and makrohistory, narrative and metatheory. Post­neoclassical subsystem in the philosophy of history operates of the corresponding concept of truth. Scientific truth is always contextual. She stated subject to the methodological postulates, which designed a specific research situation.Historical studies of scientific search for truth is always associated with the study of specific historical events or historical building theories. Both approaches solve the problem of objectivity: a theoretical history try to discover the truth, liberated from specific features and history of events wishes to discover the truth, given in the particular nuances of the entire event. Based on the corresponding concept of truth post­neoclassical subsystem aims to reconstruct the historical reality in all its fullness, complexity and specificity. This subsystem comes to the fundamental principle of post­neoclassical philosophy of history – to the principle of holism.On the one hand this principle orients the historian to the need for a holistic study of the subject of research, on the other hand he directs the historian to the study of historical reality as a hierarchy of «integrality», which can not be reduced to the parts that make up. Also it is emphasized that the meaning of these parts must necessarily be present as a sense of the whole context.

Author Biography

Y. A. Dobrolyubska, South Ukrainian national pedagogical university named after K. D. Ushynsky
doctor of philosophical sciences, Full Prof.

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Published
2014-02-03
How to Cite
Dobrolyubska, Y. (2014). The principle of holism in post-neoclassical philosophy of history. Grani, 17(3), 6-10. Retrieved from https://grani.org.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/445
Section
PHILOSOPHY