The role of church history and Byzantine studies in the history of historical sciences, religious and secular education in Ukraine in the late 19th and early 20th centuries
AbstractThe historical retrospective of formation of the nonreligious phenomenon «new Christianity» in the conteThe article examines the impact of the educational and scientific activities of famous church historians on the expansion of knowledge in the history of church, development of historical studies, religious and secular education in Ukrainian territories in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The analysis of the biographies, activities and scientific papers of such wellknown scientists as Aleksey Dmitriyevskiy, Ivan Sokolov, Kostiantyn Kharlampovych, Vasyl Bidnov and Oleksandr Lototskyi shows that the scholars made a great contribution to the expansion of historical knowledge in the history of church and Byzantine studies. They achieved it by finding and publishing new sources, studying new topics that had not been covered earlier, applying the historical comparative method and analysing the local history within the context of general history of humankind. Furthermore, just by reviewing the list of offices held by the above scholars, subjects they taught, and scientific journals where they worked as authors and editors and understanding what role they played in preserving church antiques during the period when objects of historical importance were expropriated and used for other purposes, you can appreciate not only their contribution to fostering a great number of welleducated broadminded and scientifically oriented researchers and clergy members, but also the importance of the position they took on social issues. Because of the social principles they defended the scholars were often persecuted by the Bolsheviks, which caused their premature death or forced emigration.
Akishin, S.Yu. Biografiya professora A.A. Dmitriyevskogo i kharakteristika yego nauchnoy deyatelnosti (The biography of Professor A. Dmitriyevskiy and description of his scientific work). Available from: http://andreyblag.ru/images/articles/prosveshenie/iliotropion/izdatelstvo/9/book/akishin.pdf, 2008.
Bidnov, V. К.V. Kharlampovych (1870–1932). Warsaw, 1933.
Varlamova, S.F. Iz istorii borby Sovetskogo gosudarstva s golodom v nachale 20kh gg ХХ stoletia: Po pechatnym rukopisnym materialam iz fondov Rossiyskoy Natsionalnoy bki (From the history of the fight by the Soviet state against hunger in the early 1920s of the 20th century: based on printed manuscripts from the funds of the National Library of Russia). K 75letiyu Doma Plekhanova, 1928–2003. Saint Petersburg, 2003, p. 179.
Vasilkov, Ya.V. Tolko ob odnom vostokovede...(Gebraist Mikhail Nikolayevich Sokolov, 1890–1937) (Only about one Orientalist scholar…(Hebrew scholar Mikhail Nikolayevich Sokolov). Available from: http://www.ihst.ru/projects/sohist/books/inmemoriam/233252.pdf.
The Manuscripts Department of the National Library of Russia (OR RNB), collection 253, file 10. Diploma of 29.12.1903. File sheet 1.
The Manuscripts Department of the National Library of Russia (OR RNB), collection 253, file 105. Obyasnitelnaya zapiska A.A. Dmitriyevskogo po povodu obvineniya yego v skrytoy agitatsii protiv izyatiya tserkovnykh tsennostey (A memo of A. Dmitriyevskiy regarding the accusations against him of covert campaigning against the expropriation of valuable church objects). Collection 253, file 106. Obvinitelnoye zaklyucheniye po delu o soprotivlenii A.A. Dmitriyevskogo i dr. protiv izyatiya tserkovnykh tsennostey v polzu golodayushchikh (An indictment related the case on the resistance by A. Dmitriyevskiy and others to the expropriation of valuable church objects for the benefit of people suffering from hunger). 18 September 1922, file sheet 8.
Vostokovedeniye v Petrograde. 1918–1922. (Oriental studies in Petrograd. 1918–1922). Petrograd, 1923, p. 50.
Gerd, L.A. А. А. Dmitriyevskiy kak starosta NikoloAleksandrovskoy Bargradskoy tserkvi v Peterburge (A. Dmitriyevskiy as a warden of the NikoloAleksandrovskaya Bargradskaya Church in Petersburg). Rodnoye i vselenskoye: k 60letiyu N. N. Lisovogo. Moscow, 2006, pp. 105–123.
The State Archive of the Russian Federation (GARF), collection 8409, inventory list 1, file 1587, file sheets 181–184; file 1642, file sheets 214–218; file 1683, file sheets 3–7.
Dmitriyevskiy, A.A. Imperatorskoye Pravoslavnoye Palestinskoye Obshchestvo i yego deyatelnost za istekshuyu chetvert veka 1882–1907 (The Imperial Orthodox Palestine Society and its activities for the past quartercentury 1882–1907). Saint Petersburg: Izdatelstvo Olega Abyshko, 2008.
Dobrov, P.V., Hedyo, A.V., Medovkina, L.Yu. Kostiantyn Vasylovych Kharlampovych (1870–1932 rr.): intelektualna biografiia istoryka (Kostiantyn Vasylovych Kharlampovych (1870–1932): the intellectual biography of the historian). Donetsk: Donbas, 2011.
Lebedeva, G.Ye., Morozov, M.A. Iz istorii otechestvennogo vizantinovedeniya kontsa ХІХ – nachala ХХ v.: I.I. Sokolov (From the history of the national Byzantine studies in the late 19th and early 20th centuries: I.I. Sokolov). Available from: http://elar.urfu.ru/bitstream/10995/2687/1/adsv2911.pdf.
Narbekov, V. Otzyv o knige dotsenta Kiyevskoy dukhovnoy akademii A. Dmitriyevskogo ‘Opisanie liturgicheskikh rukopisey, khranyashchikhsya v bibliotekakh pravoslavnogo Vostoka. T. π. Ch. 1: Pamyatniki patriarshikh ustavov i ktitorskiye monastyrskiye Tipikony. Kiev, 1895’, predstavlennoy na soiskaniye uchennoy stepeni doktora tserkovnoy istorii (A review of the book written by associate professor A. Dmitriyevskiy ‘The Description of the Liturgical Manuscripts Kept in the Orthodox Oriental Libraries. Vol. 1: π. Part 1: Classical Patriarchal and Ktetor Monastic Typikons. Kyiv, 1895’, submitted for obtaining Ph.D. in Church History). Protokoly zasedaniy soveta Kazanskoy dukhovnoy Akademii za 1896 g. Kazan, 1897, pp. 263–297. Antoniy [Khrapovitskyi], archimandrite. Otzyv o sochinenii A. Dmitriyevskogo: ‘Opisanie liturgicheskikh rukopisey, khranyashchikhsya v bibliotekakh pravoslavnogo Vostoka. T. π. Ch. 1: Pamyatniki patriarshikh ustavov i ktitorskiye monastyrskiye Tipikony’ (A review of the work written by A. Dmitriyevskiy ‘The Description of the Liturgical Manuscripts Kept in the Orthodox Oriental Libraries. Vol. 1: π. Part 1: Classical Patriarchal and Ktetor Monastic Typikons’). Protokoly zasedaniy soveta Kazanskoy dukhovnoy Akademii za 1896 g. Kazan, 1897, pp. 297–300.
Otzyv o sochinenii M.I. Orlova ‘Liturgiya sv. Vasiliya Velikogo. Vvodnye svedeniya. 1. Grecheskiye i slavyanskiye teksty. 2. Zaamvonnyye molitvy. 3. Osobennosti liturgii sv. Ioanna Zlatousta. S izobrazheniyem sv. Vasiliya Velikogo i chetyrmya snimkami s rukopisey. Pervoye kriticheskoye izdaniye, SPb, 1909’ (A review of the work by M.I. Orlov ‘The Liturgy of St Basil the Great. Introduction. 1. Greek and Slavonic Texts. 2. Prayers Behind the Ambo. 3. Peculiarities of the Liturgy of St John Chrysostom. With the Picture of St Basil the Great and Four Pictures of the Manuscripts. The First Critical Edition. St Petersburg, 1909’). Sbornik otchetov o premiyakh i nagradakh prisuzhdayemykh imperatorskoy Akademiyey Nauk. Otchety za 1909. St Petersburg, 1912, pp. 176–347.
Perchenok, F.F. K istorii Akademii nauk: snova imena i sudby… (Spisok repressirovannykh chlenov Akademii nauk) (From the history of the Academy of Sciences: names and fates… (A list of the members of the Academy of Sciences persecuted for political reasons). In memoriam: Istoricheskiy sbornik pamyati F.F. Percehnka. Moscow, Saint Petersburg: Feniks, Atheneum, 1995, p. 160.
Poiasniuvalna zapyska do proektu organizatsii IstorychnoFilologichnoho Viddilu Ukrainskoi Akademii Nauk (An explanatory note to the project on setting up a Historical and Philological Department in the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences). In: Zapysky IstorychnoFilologichnoho Viddilu Ukrainskoi Akademii Nauk. Kyiv: Drukar, 1919, vol. 1, official part, pp. І–ІІ.
Sokolov, I.I. Vidnosyny Skhodu do Ukrainskoyi Tserkvy v XVI–XVII st. po novoznaydenykh dokumentakh (The relations of the East and the Ukrainian Church in the 16th and 17th centuries based on newly discovered documents). Zapysky IstorychnoFilologichnoho Viddilu Ukrainskoi Akademii Nauk. Kyiv: Drukar, 1919, no. 18, 19, vol. 1, official part, pp. 53–84.
Kharlampovych, K.V. Iosif Kurtsevich, arkhiyepiskop Suzdalskiy, byvshiy yepiskop Vladimirskiy i Brestskiy (16211624) (Iosif Kurtsevich, archbishop of Suzdal, former bishop of Vladimir and Brest (16211624)). Volynskiye yeparkhialnyye vedomosti, 1900, no. 1315, p. 39.
Kharlampovych, K.V. Istorikoarkheologicheskiye ocherki tserkvey goroda Kazani (Historical and archaeological essays on the history of churches in the city of Kazan). Kazan, 1913, vol. 1, p. 93.
Cherednychenko, A.M. Kyivskyi period naukovoi diialnosti I.I. Sokolova (The Kyiv period in the scientific activities of I. Sokolov). Lavrskyi almanakh, 2005, no. 14, p. 21.
Chernukhin, Ye.K. Sokolov Ivan Ivanovych (Ivan Sokolov). Entsyklopediia istorii Ukrainy. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 2012, p. 695.
Shvydkyi, V.P. Lototskyi Oleksandr Hnatovych (Oleksandr Lototskyi). Entsyklopedia istorii Ukrainy. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 2009, vol.6, pp. 277–278.