The political aspects of human trafficking

  • N. M. Lukach Львівський національний університет імені Івана Франка
Keywords: human trafficking, human smuggling, illegal immigration, globalization, border functions, transnational criminal groups

Abstract

The article presents complex, systematic  study of the political aspects of human trafficking. Today human trafficking gained the grand scale of its spreading and it has affected almost all European countries and their neighboring regions. Nowadays there are a lot of kinds and forms of human exploitation. Although slavery was abolished in 1957, today human exploitation is still widespread both in traditional form and in more modern ones. So «trading in personality» is the feature of the economy of the late XX century.The expediency of analysis of the negative impacts of globalization and illegal immigration in the context of the problem is identified. Globalization has engrossed almost all spheres of human life nowadays and has affected not only economic, political and social processes but also those ones which are connected with activity of criminal groups giving them transboundary nature.Very often human trafficking is confused with illegal migration since both phenomena are connected with shadow economy and they constantly fuel corruption, money laundering, hindering economic and democratic development of society. Human traffickers use illegal migration and people smuggling for providing more profits because they don’t need to spend significant money on documents production, legalization, insurance and other items required by law.The negative international results of human trafficking are researched by the author. Namely, problems of governance organization that are created by powerful criminal groups of human traffickers and smugglers, mass stay of a significant number of non­citizens in the country; formation of the negative international image of the origin, destination or transit country as the state which is unable to counter effectively illegal migration and human trafficking.

Author Biography

N. M. Lukach, Львівський національний університет імені Івана Франка
аспірант

References

OON. Protokol pro poperedzhennya i prypynennya torhivli lyud’my, osoblyvo zhinkamy i dit’my, i pokarannya za neyi, shcho dopovnyuye Konventsiyu Orhanizatsiyi Ob’yednanykh Natsiy proty transnatsional’noyi orhanizovanoyi zlochynnosti, stattya 3 (UN. Protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children, supplementing the united nations convention against transnational organized crime).

OON. Protokol proty nezakonnoho vvezennya mihrantiv po sushi, moryu i povitryu, dopovnyuyuchyy Konventsiyu OON proty transnatsionalnoyi orhanizovanoyi zlochynnosti, stattya 3, st. 2 (UN. Protocol against the smuggling of migrants by land, sea and air, supplementing the united nations convention against transnational organized crime).

Topchiy A. Vysvitlennya v ZMI problemy torhivli lyud’my. Posibnyk dlya zhurnalistiv (Media coverage problem of trafficking. Handbook for journalists). Kyiv, 2008. 99 p.

Vylks A. Torhovlya lyud’my y ykh orhanamy: krymynolohycheskye, polytycheskye y sotsyal’nye aspekty problemy. Vz•hlyad na krymynal’nye realyy XXI veka (Human trafficking and their organs: criminology, political and social aspects of the problem. Look at the criminal realities of the XXI century). Riga, 2005. 114 p.

Litvishko Ye., Torgovlya lyud’mi, kak global’naya problema (Human trafficking as a global problem). YEGMOO «Molodozhnaya Assotsiatsiya Gromadskikh Initsiativ».

Sinitsyn F.L., Sitnichenko O.V. Prava cheloveka i torgovlya lyud’mi (Human rights and human trafficking). Spravochnik. Moscow, 2005. 214 p. Regime to access: http://kiev­security.org.ua/box/4/98.shtml.

Torgovlya lyud’mi kak odna iz form proyavleniya organizovanoy prestupnosti (Human as a form of organized crime).

Torgovlya lyud’mi priobrela global’nyye masshtaby (Human trafficking has acquired global dimensions).

Torgovlya lyud’mi sozdayet transnatsional’nyye ugrozy (Human trafficking creates the transnational threats).

Dichmann M. Menschenhandel in Europa. Mhsamer Kampf der EU gegen ein Milliardengeschft (Human trafficking in Europe. EU uphill battle against a billion dollar business).

Stoldt J. The dark side of globalisation.

Published
2014-01-28
How to Cite
Lukach, N. M. (2014). The political aspects of human trafficking. Grani, 17(2), 99-102. Retrieved from https://grani.org.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/434
Section
POLITICAL SCIENCE