Formation of gender parity democracy in Ukraine: status and prospects
AbstractIn 2000, at the Millennium Summit at UN adopted the Millennium Development Goals , which cover global problems and are calculated for the period 20002015 years. Ukraine has signed the Millennium Development Goals and has taken over the political commitment to implement them. One of the goals of this international instrument provides for the promotion of gender equality and empowerment of women. Тhe global goals, objectives and indicators adapted to the peculiarities of Ukraine on the basis of national development. For the analysis of qualitative and quantitative measurements of changes in gender conditions in politics and public administration in Ukraine at present of the experts proposed one objectives and three indicators. Objective: To provide a gender ratio of at least 30 to 70% of either gender in representative bodies and highlevel executive. Indicators: 1) Gender ratio among deputies of the Supreme soviet of Ukraine , women / men ( or vice versa) , and 2) the gender ratio among members of local authorities , women / men ( or vice versa) , and 3) the gender ratio among senior civil servants (12 categories) , women / men ( or vice versa). In 2015, Ukraine should report at the United Nations on the implementation of the MDGs. In this paper, the author analyzed the state of gender equality in politics and governance in Ukrainian society. One of the main problems of the present stage of gender equality in politics and public administration in Ukraine the author notes : no systematic gender mainstreaming to implement personnel policies in the civil service at the central and local level; the lack of effective state control over observance of gender equality, not provided the institutional legal mechanisms for gender equality; and without the current regulatory framework on gender turns into an empty declaration; the lack of political will to implement the goals of gender equality. The author of the article provides recommendations on optimal ways of gender parity democracy in Ukraine , in particular: the adoption of the law on gender quotas ; review of indicators of gender equality upwards for thorough measurement processes of gender equality in Ukrainian society; massive gender education in Ukrainian society to overcome gender stereotypes; monitoring not only the state but also the public and informing the public annually on the status , problems and measures for gender equality in Ukraine.
Komitety Verhovnoi Rady Ukrainy VII sklykannja. (Supreme soviet of Ukraine VII convocation).
Osnovy teorii genderu (Basic theory of gender). Vidp. red. Skoryk М.М. Kyiv, 2004, 536 p.
Parlament i parlamentski vybory v Ukraini 2012 р.: politychna sytuacija, suspilni nastroi ta ochikuvannja. Analitychna dopovid Centru Razumkova (Parliament and parliamentary elections in Ukraine in 2012: political situation, public attitudes and expectations. Analytical report by the Razumkov Centre). Nacionalna bezpeka I oborona, 2012, no. №78, p.75.
Prokopchuk І.І. Analiz mehanizmiv zastosuvannja gendernyh kvot v procesi politychnogo rekrutuvannja: svitovyj dosvid formuvannja parytetnoi demokratii (The analysis of the mechanics of gender quotas in political recruitment process: the formation of international experience parity democracy). Gileja, 2011, no. 43, p. 629 636.
Suchasni tendencii shodo zabezpechennja gendernoi rivnosti v Ukraini. Centr adaptacii derjavnoi slujby do standartiv Evropejskogo Sojuzu.(Modern trends in relation to gender equality in Ukraine. Center for Adaptation of Civil Service to the Standards of the European Union).
Cili Rozvytku Tysiacholittja. Ukraina2010 (The Millennium Development Goals. Ukraine2010)
Cili Rozvytku Tysiacholittja. Ukraina. 2013. (The Millennium Development Goals. Ukraine.2013)
The Millennium Development Goals Report 2013.
Matland R. Explaining women’s representation: The role of legislative recruitment & electoral systems [Теxt]/ R. Matland // Expert group meeting on equal participation of women and men in decisionmaking processes, with particular emphasis on political participation and leadership 24 to 27 October.UNDP, 2005, p. 10.
Nilges T. Gender inequality in politics [Теxt]/ T. Nilges // Mozaik. №1. 2005. Р.6
Human Development Report 2013. The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published for the United Nations Development Programme [Теxt].New York.2013.216 p.