The transformation of the socio-economic demands of the southern provinces industrialists of Ukrainian post-reform Epoch


  • M. O. Greenchak Dnipropetrovsk state university of internal affairs
Keywords: investment, foreign capital, national industry, metallurgy, labor force, state order, export

Abstract

The article defines the main directions of the economic policy southern provinces entrepreneurs of the second half of XIX - early XX century. It highlights a few blocks in the system of economic demands of the industrialists the southern provinces. Industrial development of the southern provinces of the Russian Empire in the in the second half of the XIX century led to the formation of powerful new social class the industrial bourgeoisie. The new entrepreneurial class gradually formed their own social and political views, defined their place in the social and political system of country. Employers are required to balance the rights of different social groups (full equality then could not be). A new class of entrepreneurs was formed on the basis of almost all existing layers. Gradually it came to the perception of injustice of privileges of the old aristocracy, despite the fact that it is clear how important the role of the bourgeoisie has played in various spheres of the Russian Empire, and above all the economy. Feeling its own power, a new class would not put up with what is left in the second role. It is alleged that in the entrepreneurs common desire to be supported by the state by means of establishing profitable for themselves tariffs and prices for logistics. However, there is a conclusion approved about the opposite trend - an attempt to limit the absolute state control over private enterprises. During the period of stabilization and industry, especially in terms of increasing government intervention in the economy in the 80-ies of the XIX century, there was a desire of entrepreneurs observed to expand their own power. It was determined that an important economic requirement of industrialists became privatization of land, and is generally more liberal legislation in the sphere of the economy (simplification of joint stock companies foundation the procedure). Factors such as local and national economic interests of the manufacturers have also been analyzed. In most cases, there is observed a priority to protect local economic interests, as opposed to other regions.

Author Biography

M. O. Greenchak, Dnipropetrovsk state university of internal affairs
PhD in history, associate professor

References

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Published
2016-05-04
How to Cite
Greenchak, M. (2016). The transformation of the socio-economic demands of the southern provinces industrialists of Ukrainian post-reform Epoch. Grani, 19(6), 66-72. https://doi.org/10.15421/171621
Section
HISTORY