Migration crisis in the European Union in 2014-2016 in the context of electoral preferences radicalization (the case of far right political parties)


  • M. I. Grymska Taras Shevchenko national university of Kyiv
Keywords: political parties, far right political parties, European Union, migration, asylum seekers, elections

Abstract

Peculiarities of the process of electoral preferences radicalization in the European Union countries are characterized. The factors that contribute to this phenomenon are distinguished and special attention is paid to one of the most important prerequisite for growth of far right political parties support in Europe –migration level increase. In order to identify presence or absence of causal links between increase of migration rate and electoral appeal of the far right, relevant statistical data has been collected and analyzed. To determine the migration level, the numbers of asylum seekers in 2013-14 and 2014-15 were used. Three countries with the highest positive and negative difference of the asylum seekers numbers for each period were determined. They include Austria, Denmark, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Hungary, Finland, Croatia. In each country, the strongest far right political party has been identified and its position has been determined on the basis of electoral support during European Parliament elections of 2009 and 2014 and national elections in 2006-2016. The study found no causal relationships between the number of asylum seekers and the electoral appeal of the largest far right political party in the country, so, despite the undeniable impact of migration on the radicalization of electoral preferences, there is no direct correlation.

Author Biography

M. I. Grymska, Taras Shevchenko national university of Kyiv
PhD in political science, associate professor

References

1. Asylum in the EU: Member States record number of over 1.2 million first time asylum seekers registered in 2015. Eurostat News Release 44/2016. Electronic data. Mode of access: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/2995521/7203832/3-04032016-AP-EN.pdf/ (viewed on May 15, 2016). – Title from the screen.
2. Asylum in the EU: The number of asylum applicants in the EU jumped to more than 625 000 in 2014. Eurostat News Release 53/2015. Electronic data. Mode of access: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/2995521/6751779/3-20032015-BP-EN.pdf/35e04263-2db5-4e75-b3d3-6b086b23ef2b (viewed on May 15, 2016). – Title from the screen.
3. European elections. European Parliament. Electronic data. Mode of access: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/atyourservice/en/20150201PVL00036/Elections (viewed on May 15, 2016). Title from the screen.
4. Kirchick, J., 2016. In Defense of Denmark. Electronic data. Mode of access: http://foreignpolicy.com/2016/05/20/in-defense-of-denmark-immigration-europe-refugee-crisis/ (viewed on May 15, 2016). – Title from the screen.
5. Mapping the extreme right in contemporary Europe: from local to transnational / [edited by Andrea Mammone, Emmanuel Godin, Brian Jenkins]. 2012. Routledge, New York
6. Migration and refugee crisis in Europe. Ministry for Foreign Affairs. Electronic data. Mode of access: http://www.formin.fi/public/default.aspx?contentid=337288&contentlan=2&culture=en-US (viewed on May 15, 2016). – Title from the screen.
7. Mudde, C., 2016. The relationship between immigration and nativism in Europe and North America. Transatlantic Council On Migration. Electronic Data. Mode of Access: http://www.migrationpolicy.org/pubs/Immigration-Nativism.pdf (viewed on 12 December 2015). – Title from the screen.
8. Nordsieck, W., 2016. Parties and elections in Europe. Wolfram Nordsieck. Electronic data. Mode of access: http://www.parties-and-elections.eu/countries.html/ (viewed on May 15, 2016). Title from the screen.
Published
2016-05-26
How to Cite
Grymska, M. (2016). Migration crisis in the European Union in 2014-2016 in the context of electoral preferences radicalization (the case of far right political parties). Grani, 19(6), 26-32. https://doi.org/10.15421/171616
Section
POLITICAL SCIENCE