Principlesand technology competence approach to formation of professional career students
AbstractThe need of training of professionals, who are able not only to productive work, but also to compete successfully with others and build their career path according to their own preferences is an urgent challenge.A tool in the process of competition in the labor market is a career competence, which is formed during training in a higher education. The basis of its discovery is a competence-based approach as a set of ideas that provide the orientation of educational process to the demands of the labor market, the principles that define the basic guidelines in the preparation of competitive specialists and a set of tools to help you ensure the transfer of knowledge in the field of career development.The benefits of this study are in logical sequence of considered questions. The article defines the concept of «career competence», which is understood as an integral characteristic of the subject’s career that measures the ability to solve typical and innovative professional and non-professional tasks in productive, life, communicative situations. Competency approach reviewed on the methodological basis and the principles of its application in the formation of career competence developed, namely the principle of educational and market congruence, the principle of practical orientation of educational process, the principle of institutionalization of the career orientation of students and the principle of monitoring and evaluation of actual and achieved levels of career competence.The article proposed the technological model of the students career competence formation, the goal is allocated to the basic blocks and appropriate technologies, algorithms, methods of forming of career competence. In the presented model the diagnostic and informative block includes procedures for career counseling and guidance in career processes, the prognostically-forming unit focuses on choosing a portfolio career and forming individual career development plan, the training and educational block aimed at systemic accumulation of resources for career growth, the organizational and communicative one covers the cooperation with employers.In general, the article features acquired theoretical justification of career development of students in conjunction with practical mechanisms for achieving the appropriate level of career competence.
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