Gender culture in Hinduism, traditionalist and modernization issues

  • I. O. Svyatnenko Classical private university
Keywords: gender culture, gender culture Hindu, gender ideology, Hinduism, Buddhism, caste system, gender positioning women


The article is devoted to the relationship between the traditional and the modernization of gender dimensions in the culture of Hinduism. The author concludes that women in classical Hindu texts, so often perceived as being of a lower order, sometimes reduced to Sudra level, regardless of their actual caste. On the other hand, images of women positioned in a variety of goddesses, which is obviously positive prototypes dharmichnyh women. However, the traditional gender roles of women in Hindu household in India has changed over the past fifty or a hundred years. Western countries have influenced these changes. The continued recovery of the social status of women has led to significant changes concern a wide range of issues: education, health measures, rural and industrial schemes of social security, the problems of early marriage, wearing the burqa, the status of widows, suffrage, women, women’s representation in government. Positioning social status of women improved substantially thanks to Buddhism. Women and men are equal in ethics that has been softened significantly in terms of expanding the number of women’s rights. While patriarchal society and patriarchal and sexist gender culture Brahmanism remained unchanged in the Buddhist society women have gained more freedom and considered as independent - they were allowed to become nuns and religious and be social and active individuals.

Author Biography

I. O. Svyatnenko, Classical private university
doctoral candidate


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How to Cite
Svyatnenko, I. (2016). Gender culture in Hinduism, traditionalist and modernization issues. Grani, 19(4), 99-105.