Socio-ecological risks as a subject of sociological analysis

  • A. G. Zherdetska V. N. Karazin Kharkiv national university
Keywords: social ecology, social risk, socio­ecological risk, sustainable development, prevention principle, socio­ecological research


The article is devoted to the scientific field of social ecology as a branch of sociological knowledge. The essence of interconnection and mutual influence of social and natural areas in modern society as well as the characteristics of socio­ecological sphere in Ukraine and abroad and its key problems are examined. The article focuses on the issue of socio­ecological risks in sociology. It presents the analysis of the existing definitions of «risk» in both foreign and domestic science and its classification, reveals the interrelation of the concepts of «risk», «social risk» and «socio­ecological risk». Furthermore, the article provides the classification of socio­ecological risks and outlines the current problems of conceptualizing the conceptual field of risk science, sociology of risk and social ecology. A special emphasis is made on substantiating the need for regular and thorough sociological researches of the current and forecasted socio­ecological state and of the various aspects of the impact of socio­ecological risks on society’s activity due to distinct sociological nature of the environmental problems studying in modern society which requires implementing sociological methods in environmental researches. An emphasis is also placed on the need for sociologists to take part in environmental researches.


1. Geografia, obschestvo, okruzhayschaya sreda: v 4 t. Tom 4: Prirodno­antropogenniye protsesi i ecologicheskiy risk (Geography, Society, Environment in 4 vol. Volume 4: Natural and Anthropogenic Processes and Ecological Risk), edited by N.S. Kasimov. Moscow, 2004, 616 p.
2. Zubkov V.I. Risk kak predmet sociologicheskogo analiza (Risk As a Subject of Sociological Analysis). Sociologicheskie issledovaniya, 1999, no. 4, pp. 3­9
3. Nikitin S.M., Feofanov K.L. Sociologicheskaya teoriya riska: v poiskah predmeta (Sociological Risk Theory: Searching for a Subject). Obschestvennie nauki i sovremennost, 1992, no. 4, pp. 45­47. Regime to access:
4. Osipov V.I. Upravlenie prirodnimi riskami (The Management of Environmental Risks). Vestnik RAN, 2002, no. 8, pp. 678­687
5. Polovyan N.S. Klassifikatsiya i otsenka ecologicheskih riskov (Classification and Evaluation of Ecological Risks). Vistnyk Donetckogo natsionalnogo universitetu, 2009, no.4, pp. 409­414. Regime to access:­klassifikaciya­i­ocenka­ekologicheskix­riskov.html
6. Sosunova I.A. Socialno­ecologichaskaya napryazhennost: metodologiya i metodika otsenki (Social and Environmental Tension: Methodology and Assessment Methodology). Ecosociologiya, 2005, no.3, pp. 94­104. Regime to access:
7. Tarasyk I.V. Problemy rysyku v profesiyniy diyalnosti operatyvnyh pratsivnykiv OVS (The Problems of Risk in Professional Activity of Operational Police Officers).Pravo i suspilstvo, 2012, no.5, pp. 157­160. Regime to access:
8. Yao L.M. Socialnaya ecologiya: ychebnoe posobie (Social Ecology: Tutorial). 2007, 280p. Regime to access: :
9. Bookchin M. What Is Social Ecology? Environmental Philosophy: From Animal Rights to Radical Ecology. – NJ: Prentice Hall, 1993, pp. 436­454.
10. Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate. – IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 2015, 151 p. – Regime to access:­report/ar5/syr/SYR_AR5_FINAL_full_wcover.pdf
11. Rio Declaration on Environment and Development: A Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, 3­14 June 1992, Rio de Janeiro. – United Nations, NY, 1993, 6 p. – Regime to access:
How to Cite
Zherdetska, A. (2015). Socio-ecological risks as a subject of sociological analysis. Grani, 18(9), 78-83.