Horsemanship of ancient armies of Northern Black Sea region


  • K. M. Kolesnykov Academy of customs service of Ukraine
Keywords: tactic, ancient armies, Northing Black Sea region, Scythians, Sarmatians, horsemanship / cavalry, cataphractarii, toxots

Abstract

This article deal with the description, analysis and generalization of features of organization and tactics of cavalry of the army ancient states of the Northern Black Sea region: Olbia, Chersonese, Bosporus. Author sure that the foundation of the armed forces of these states was a civil militia – free, economically independent landowners, endowed with the broadest volume of political and social rights men – full citizens. Bosporus kings have attracted a significant number of hired troops that held by the royal treasury income and special direct tax. The cavalry is interacted with heavily armed infantry contingents – hoplites or swordsman­ thyureoforoi. The contingents of lightweight (arrow­toxots) and heavy (akontists and spearmen) cavalry were presented as part of ancient armies of the Northern Black Sea Region in Classical and Hellenistic periods. In the Roman period on the Bosporus fixed formation units of cathafractarian cavalry. The weapons and tactics of the Sarmatian nomadic nobility (Aspurhianian, Sirak, Aorsy and more) were served as a model for Bosporus cataphractarian horsemen.

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Published
2015-06-14
How to Cite
Kolesnykov, K. (2015). Horsemanship of ancient armies of Northern Black Sea region. Grani, 18(8), 106-117. https://doi.org/10.15421/1715165
Section
HISTORY