Theoretical interpretation of the concept of trust in sociology

  • O. M. Kuzmuk Lesya Ukrainka eastern european national university
Keywords: trust, distrust, confidence indicators, indicators of trust, tolerance, social inequality, transformation, institutional processes


Confidence in Ukrainian society as an example of post­Soviet societies are influenced by a number of specific conditions. In particular, the transition to a market democracy led to the formation of trust relationships that are limited to family and inner circle person. After the results of the annual monitoring of the Institute of Sociology of NAS of Ukraine show that most respondents trust to reveal themselves and their families. In such circumstances is understandable tendency to form defensive identity with family and close circle, when there is a desire to develop local microstructure, ensuring inclusion. In other words, values and norms that dominate today in Ukrainian society focused on strengthening interpersonal trust within the family and family circle more than on the development of trusting relationships­family type. In this article the theoretical interpretation of the phenomenon of «trust» to a comprehensive study of the concept and a clear statement on social trust. Signs of social trust can be considered in future studies as indicators of social phenomenon of trust and fixed in empirical social research.


1. Burdje, P. Formy kapytala (Forms of capital). konomycheskaya sotsyolohyya, 2002,no 5.
2. Hyddens, . Ustroenye obshchestva: Ocherk teoryy strukturatsyy (Dispensation society: Outline of the Theory of Structuration). Moscow, 2005, 528 p.
3. Holovakha, Y. E. Postradyanska deinstytualizatsiya i stanovlennya novykh sotsialnykh instytutiv v ukrayinskomu suspilstvi (Post­Soviet deinstitutionalisation and the emergence of new social institutions in Ukrainian society). Sotsiolohiya: teoriya, metody, marketynh, 2001, no 4, pp. 6­22.
4. Dzhonson, Dzh. kzystentsyalnye aspekty doveryya (Existential aspects of trust). Sotsyolohyya: teoryya, metody, marketynh, 2009, no 1, pp. 78­93.
5. Luman, N. Obshchestvo obshchestva. Chast I. Obshchestvo kak sotsyalnaya systema (Community. Part I. Society as a social system). Moscow, 2004, 232 p.
6. Mahomedov, M. H. Sotsyalnoe doverye v obshchestve: sotsyolohycheskyy aspekt (Social trust in society: sociological aspect).
7. Selyhmen, A. Problema doveryya (The problem of trust). Moscow, 2002, 256 p.
8. Fukuyama, F. Doverye: sotsyalnye dobrodetely y put k protsvetanyyu (The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity).Moscow, 2008, 730 p.
9. Shtompka P. Doverye v pokhu hlobalyzatsyy (Trust in the age of globalization). Sotsyalnaya polytyka y sotsyolohyya, 2006, no 4, pp. 8­15.
How to Cite
Kuzmuk, O. (2015). Theoretical interpretation of the concept of trust in sociology. Grani, 18(5), 42-45.

Most read articles by the same author(s)