Cooperation and perception specifics of working students by employers
AbstractThe article describes that competition for attractive working position is actively growing up between categories of employees which are different in age, experience and educational level. The severity of this competition is also increasing for the account of students. Further the author describes results of personal research regarding cooperation and perception specifics of working students with the relation to employers. The main trends of employers attitude toward working students are defined and described: interest in cooperation, underlying factors that redound to cooperation between employers and students, employers suggestions toward reasons that lead students to work, particularities in perception of students as employees by employers, job usually offered students by employers, concessions on the needs of students employers are ready to fit. The research presents items of formal relationships between employers and students. Respondent’s answers also allow to analyze particularities in perception of working students by employers and draw up hierarchy of positive and negative qualities of working students according to the viewpoint of employers. The conclusions of the article summarize particularities in perception and relationships between students and employers and indicate whether students are able to realize themselves in additional employment and to form necessary professional skills and abilities. Today, competition for attractive workplaces between different age, experience and education categories by workers is increasing. The acuteness of this competition is growing at the expense of students of higher educational institutions, which appear on various labor markets. In a situation where the diploma of higher education is no longer a guarantee of employment and successful professional self-fulfillment, full-time students actively probing labor markets, working in non-formal and part-time, and at school time, in order not only to improve their financial position, but also to find a place work that you can take after obtaining a diploma in education. The labor market receives very clear signals that determine the behavior of current and potential employees. These signals give impetus to the development of education. Higher education is currently perceived as an imperative requirement of the employer as necessary, but insufficient conditions for obtaining a job in an effective segment of the labor market. At the same time, the complexities and dynamics inherent in the labor sphere are not sufficiently felt and perceived by young professionals, generating inaccurate ideas and inadequate expectations for a future career. On the other hand, in many cases, the employer does not receive the worker that he needs. In order to adapt more effectively to the requirements of the labor market, students are included in secondary employment and try to gain work experience for a successful successful career. In this way, students face a number of problems: the complexity of employment in the profession, the lack of information on the expectations of modern employers, the stereotyped perception of working students as unskilled workers, making it difficult for students to form their skills and skills.
Volkova N. V. Ochikuvannya student•s’koyi molodi yak chynnyk otsinyuvannya ekonomichnoho mekhanizmu derzhavnoyi polityky zaynyatosti (Expectations of students as a factor in evaluating the economic mechanism of state employment policy). Naukovoteoretychnyy zhurnal Dnipropetrovs’koyi derzhavnoyi finansovoyi akademiyi.– 2010. – № 1 (23).– Р. 2632.
Vorona M. A. Sotsialnyiy fenomen studencheskoy zanyatosti v sovremennom obschestve: avtoref. dis. … kand.sotsiol. nauk: spets. 22.00.04 (Social phenomenon of student employment in today’s society: Author. dis. ... Cand.sotciol. Sciences: spec. 22.00.04). – Saratov, 2008. – 24 р.. – Mode of acces: www.dissercat.com/.../sotsialnyi–fenomen–studencheskoi–zanyatosti–v– sovremennom–obshchestve.
Kapezina T. G. Vtorichnaya zanyatost studentov: Na materialah vuzov g. Penzyi: dis. … kand. sotsiol. nauk: 22.00.03 (Secondary employment of students: On materials of high schools in Penza: dis. ... Cand.sotciol. Sciences: 22.00.03). – Penza, 2003. – 163 р.
Konstantinova E. B. Vtorichnaya zanyatost studentov kak faktor formirovaniya zhiznennyih strategiy: avtoref. dis. … kand.sotsiol. nauk: spets. 22.00.06 (Secondary employment of students as a factor in the formation of life strategies: Author. dis. ... Cand.sotciol. Sciences: spec. 22.00.06). – Ekaterinburg, 2006. – 22 s. – Mode of acces: elar.urfu.ru/bitstream/10995/893/1/urgu0398s.pdf.
Konstantinovskiy D. «Konchit kurs i mesto dostat»: Issledovanie vtorichnoy zanyatosti studentov («Finished the course and place to get»: A Study of secondary employment of students.
Socioeconomic status of young people in a transformed Russian society: Author. dis. ... Cand.sotciol. Sciences: spec. 22.00.08). Sotsiologicheskiy zhurnal.– 2001. – № 3.– Р. 101120.
Lelekina I. A. Sotsialnoekonomicheskiy status molodezhi v transformiruyuschemsya Rossiyskom sotsiume: avtoref. dis. … kand.sotsiol. nauk: spets. 22.00.08 (Social determinants of basic and abilities Ukrainian youth). – Maykop, 2007. – 24 s. – Mode of acces: www.twirpx.com/file/654194/.
Malysh L. Sotsial’ni determinanty bazovykh umin’ ta navychok ukrayins’koyi molodi (Employment of students in higher education reform in Russia: Author. dis. ... Cand.sotciol. Sciences: spec. 22.00.04). – K.: VPTs NaUKMA, 2010. – 202 р.
Rodionova A. V. Trudovaya zanyatost studentov v usloviyah reformirovaniya sistemyi vyisshego obrazovaniya v Rossii: avtoref. dis. … kand.sotsiol. nauk: spets. 22.00.04 (Factors realize their professional aspirations of modern students). – SPb., 2012. – 26 р. – Mode of acces: www.si.ras.ru/doc/rodionova.pdf.
Sadryts’ka S. V. Chynnyky realizatsiyi profesiynykh domahan’ suchasnoyi student•s’koyi molodi (Employment as a factor in the accumulation of human and social capital of students in postSoviet Russia: abstract dis. ... Cand.sotciol. Sciences: spec. 22.00.04). Metodolohiya, teoriya ta praktyka sotsiolohichnoho analizu suchasnoho suspil’stva: Zbirnyk naukovykh prats’. – Kh.: VTs KhNU im. V. N. Karazina. – 2008. – Р. 525528.
Tvorogova S. V. Trudovaya zanyatost kak faktor nakopleniya chelovecheskogo i sotsialnogo kapitala studentov v postsovetskoy Rossii: avtoreferat dis. … kand. sotsiol. nauk: spets. 22.00.04 (). – M., 2003. – 20 р. – Mode of acces: www.hse.ru/data/194/130/1235/1Tvorogova.pdf.