Political conflict hybrid type: global and regional measurement

  • Olena Berezovska-Chmil Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
  • Yuliia Kobets Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
Keywords: asymmetric war, security, war, hybrid war, hybrid threat, globalization, global conflict, political conflict, regional conflict, total war


The authors of the article have studied the nature, forms, causes, driving forces, specifics of political conflicts of the hybrid type. The content of the concept of "political conflict of the hybrid type", its difference from the concept of hybrid wars and modern armed conflicts are analyzed; it is emphasized that the political conflict of the hybrid type often manifests itself as a combination of military and non-military methods of conducting foreign policy by some modern states. It is detected that opponents in the political conflict of the hybrid type use a spectrum of non-military facilities of influence such as political, economic, social, environmental, and other means. In the case of military confrontation, various types of weapons are added to the features of this type of conflict. The hypothesis about the expediency of interpretation of the term "hybrid-type political conflict" is expressed not only as a general name for the latest form of military-political conflict, but also as the name of a single (unique) historical event. In this new perspective, hybrid warfare appears as the highest type of conflict to be correlated with the Cold War and the well-known wars with their own names. It has been proven that hybrid conflicts, hybrid threats and hybrid wars are considered as important feature of the international security environment in a state of systemic crisis today. At the same time, the military and analytical communities lack unity in understanding the phenomenon of hybrid warfare. The study clarifies and systematizes the leading modern concepts and theories regarding the definition of the features and nature of the phenomenon of "hybrid warfare". The views of the problem of leading Ukrainian and foreign scientists are considered in the course of the work. From the standpoint of the synthesized approach, the features of global and regional military-political conflicts of the hybrid type are established. The mutual influence of such conflicts on world political processes and the world community, geopolitical players of the formation of hybrid threats is rated.


Download data is not yet available.


Antonov, A. V., Bzot, V. B., & Zhylin, Ye. I. (2014). Ukraino-rosiiskyi voiennyi konflikt: sutnist, peredumovy ta zmist ahresii [Ukrainian-Russian military conflict: essence, preconditions and the content of aggression]. Part 1. Retrieved from https://informnapalm.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Voyenni-konflikty-novogo-typu-4GW.-CHastyna-I [in Ukrainian].

Batrymenko, O. V. (2006). Osoblyvosti suchasnykh zbroino-politychnykh konfliktiv [Features of modern armed and political conflicts]. Candidates thesis. Nats. un. im. T. Shevchenka [in Ukrainian].

Korniienko, S. (2014). Putin vede v Ukraini hibrydnu viinu – heneral Kappen [Putin is waging a hybrid war in Ukraine – General Kappen]. Radio Svoboda. Retrieved from https://www.radiosvoboda.org/a/25363591.html [in Ukrainian].

Kotenko, A. O. (2017). Hibrydna viina yak forma suchasnoho mizhnarodnoho konfliktu [Hybrid war as a form of modern international conflict]. Mizhnarodni vidnosyny. Seriia "Politychni nauky" – International relations. Political Science Series, 13. Retrieved from http://journals.iir.kiev.ua/index.php/pol_n/article/view/3070/2758 [in Ukrainian].

Leshchenko, O. (2016). Hibrydna viina yak naukovyi konstrukt: problemy poshuku terminolohichnoi ta kontseptualnoi sutnosti [Hybrid warfare as a scientific construct: problems of searching for terminological and conceptual essence]. Visnyk Dnipropetrovskoho universytetu – The Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University, 6, 60–71 [in Ukrainian].

Lipkan, V. A., Maksymenko, Yu. Ie., & Zhelikhovskyi, V. M. (2006). Informatsiina bezpeka Ukrainy v umovakh yevrointehratsii [Information security of Ukraine in the conditions of European integration]. Kyiv, KNT [in Ukrainian].

Lytvynenko, O. (2016). Informatsiina skladova u suchasnii hibrydnii viini proty Ukrainy: vyklyky y zahrozy [Information component in the modern hybrid war against Ukraine: challenges and threats]. Ukrainoznavchyi almanakh - Ukrainian Studies Almanac, 19, 171–174 [in Ukrainian].

Mahda, Ye. (2014). Hibrydna viina: sutnist ta struktura fenomenu [Hybrid war: the essence and structure of the phenomenon]. Mizhnarodni vidnosyny Seriia "Politychni nauky" – International relations. Political Science Series, 4. Retrieved from http://journals.iir.kiev.ua/index.php/pol_n/article/view/2489/2220 [in Ukrainian].

Makliuen, H. M. (2003). Vneshnye rasshyrenyia cheloveka [External extensions of the person]. (V. Nykolaev, Trans.). Moskva; Zhukovskyi: KANON-press-Ts, Kulykovo pole [in Russian].

Manuilov, Ye. M., & Prudnykova, O. V. (2017). Informatsiino-kulturna bezpeka Ukrainy v umovakh «hibrydnoi viiny» [Information and cultural security of Ukraine in the conditions of "hybrid war"]. Visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu «Iurydychna akademiia Ukrainy imeni Yaroslava Mudroho» – The Bulletin of Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, 1, 26–37 [in Ukrainian].

Polishchuk, I. (2015). Informatsiinyi aspekt hibrydnoi viiny v Ukraini [Information aspect of hybrid war in Ukraine]. Visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu “Iurydychna akademiia Ukrainy im. Yaroslava Mudroho” – The Bulletin of Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, 3 (26), 242–243 [in Ukrainian].

Pylypenko, Ya. (2017). Obiektyvistskyi ta interpretatyvnyi pidkhody do vyvchennia struktury hlobalnoho konfliktu [Objectivist and interpretive approaches to studying the structure of global conflict]. Sotsialni tekhnolohii: aktualni problemy teorii ta praktyky – Social technologies: current issues of theory and practice, 73, 23–33. Zaporizhzhia: Klasych. pryvat. un-t [in Ukrainian].

Smola, L. (2016). Informatsiino-psykholohichnyi skladnyk «hibrydnoi viiny» [Information and psychological component of the "hybrid war" ]. Natsionalna bezpeka i oborona – National security and defense , 9–10, 68–71 [in Ukrainian].

Van Puivelde, D. (2015). Hibrydna viina – chy vona vzahali isnuie? [Hybrid war - does it even exist?]. NATO reviu – Nato review. Retrieved from https://www.nato.int/docu/review/2015/Also-in-2015/hybrid-modern-future-warfare-russia-ukraine/UK/index.htm [in Ukrainian].

Zharkov, Ya. M., & Onyshchuk, M. I. (2015). Informatsiina borotba yak faktor natsionalnoi bezpeky Ukrainy [Information struggle as a factor of national security of Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Viiskovoho instytutu Kyivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Tarasa Shevchenka - Collection of scientific works of the Military Institute of the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, 50, 87–92 [in Ukrainian].

Abstract views: 96
PDF Downloads: 504
How to Cite
Berezovska-Chmil, O., & Kobets, Y. (2020). Political conflict hybrid type: global and regional measurement . Scientific and Theoretical Almanac Grani, 23(8), 93-101. https://doi.org/10.15421/172078