Stepan Bandera as a theorist of the Ukrainian national liberation struggle

  • Yaroslav Bondar Nizhyn Mykola Gogol State University
Keywords: Ukrainian national liberation struggle, Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian nationalism, concept, revolution, statehood, national forces, bolshevism, totalitarianism

Abstract

The position of Stepan Bandera's theoretical heritage on the main components of the concept of the Ukrainian national liberation struggle is systematized. The study of the provisions of the theoretical works of Stepan Bandera allowed us to state that the author has created a comprehensive vision of the concept of the Ukrainian national liberation struggle on key components. This was confirmed during the study by the existence of a clear ideological basis for the revolutionary liberation struggle, it was proved that Stepan Bandera's conceptual views are based on the principles of positivist-humanistic ideology of human development and society. It is determined that this approach has the appropriate deep scientific, philosophical principles and is supported by meaningful counterbalances to totalitarian ideology. The analysis of the author's theoretical heritage highlights his views on the composition and characteristics of key political actors in the struggle against the totalitarian Soviet regime, identifies his beliefs about the participation of Western countries in this process, proves the value and consistency of Stepan Bandera's predictions Ukraine by imperial Russia. It is proved that the characteristics and classification of the phases of the revolutionary liberation struggle, defined by Stepan Bandera, are formed consistently, taking into account the logic, theory and practice of conducting successful events of a similar type. Successful examples of a well-organized liberation struggle are considered, especially the Finnish experience of statehood and liberation from the USSR by their own national forces. It is determined that the theoretical basis of Stepan Bandera's legacy deserves a separate detailed scientific study of all the problems highlighted by the author in the context of methodological support of the revolutionary liberation struggle. It is established that his concept of implementation of this process, although focused on the Ukrainian reality, but can be considered unified and adapted to the conditions of other countries with similar features of development. The study of the phases (stages) of the Ukrainian national revolution shows that the approach to their construction in the theory of the ideologist can act as a universal model of the struggle against totalitarianism and the creation of independence for any republic within the USSR.

References

Bandera, S. (1978). Vysnovky z novishykh podii i protsesiv dlia ukrainskoi vyzvolnoi borotby [Conclusions from the newer events and processes for the Ukrainian liberation struggle]. Perspektyvy ukrainskoi revoliutsii – Prospects for the Ukrainian revolution. (pp. 427–444). Miunkhen: Vydannia orhanizatsii ukrainskykh natsionalistiv [in Germany].

Bandera, S. (1978). De povynni ziitysia shliakhy [Where should the ways come]. Perspektyvy ukrainskoi revoliutsii – Prospects for the Ukrainian revolution. (pp. 596–603). Miunkhen: Vydannia orhanizatsii ukrainskykh natsionalistiv [in Germany].

Bandera, S. (1978). Do zasad nashoi vyzvolnoi polityky [To the ambush of our liberation policy]. Perspektyvy ukrainskoi revoliutsii – Prospects for the Ukrainian revolution. (pp. 45–55). Miunkhen: Vydannia orhanizatsii ukrainskykh natsionalistiv [in Germany].

Bandera, S. (1978). Do pytannia osnovnykh kadriv natsionalno-vyzvolnoi revoliutsii [The question of the main cadres of the national liberation revolution]. Perspektyvy ukrainskoi revoliutsii – Prospects for the Ukrainian revolution. (pp. 284–291). Miunkhen: Vydannia orhanizatsii ukrainskykh natsionalistiv [in Germany].

Bandera, S. (1978). Zavdannia OUN pid suchasnu poru [The task of the OUN in modern times]. Perspektyvy ukrainskoi revoliutsii – Prospects for the Ukrainian revolution. (pp. 262–266). Miunkhen: Vydannia orhanizatsii ukrainskykh natsionalistiv [in Germany].

Bandera, S. (1978). Perspektyvy ukrainskoi natsionalno-vyzvolnoi revoliutsii [Prospects of the Ukrainian national liberation revolution]. Perspektyvy ukrainskoi revoliutsii – Prospects for the Ukrainian revolution. (pp. 509–595). Miunkhen: Vydannia orhanizatsii ukrainskykh natsionalistiv [in Germany].

Bandera, S. (1978). Pytannia atomovoi viiny i vyzvolna revoliutsiia [The question of the atomic war and the liberation revolution]. Perspektyvy ukrainskoi revoliutsii – Prospects for the Ukrainian revolution. (pp. 445–477). Miunkhen: Vydannia orhanizatsii ukrainskykh natsionalistiv [in Germany].

Bandera, S. (1978). Tretia svitova viina i vyzvolna borotba. Zakhidna kontseptsiia politychnoi viiny z bilshovyzmom [Third World War and Liberation struggle. Western concept of a political war with Bolshevism]. Perspektyvy ukrainskoi revoliutsii – Prospects for the Ukrainian revolution. (pp. 207–238). Miunkhen: Vydannia orhanizatsii ukrainskykh natsionalistiv [in Germany].

Bandera, S. (1978). Ukrainska natsionalna revoliutsiia, a ne tilky protyrezhymnyi rezystans [Ukrainian national revolution, and not only anti-regime resistibility]. Perspektyvy ukrainskoi revoliutsii – Prospects for the Ukrainian revolution. (pp. 130–170). Miunkhen: Vydannia orhanizatsii ukrainskykh natsionalistiv [in Germany].

Bandera, S. (1978). Front ponevolenykh natsii [Front of enslaved nations]. Perspektyvy ukrainskoi revoliutsii – Prospects for the Ukrainian revolution. (pp. 196–206). Miunkhen: Vydannia orhanizatsii ukrainskykh natsionalistiv [in Germany].

Duzhyi, P. (1998). Persha konferentsiia ponevolenykh narodiv skhodu Yevropy ta Azii. Ideia i Chyn [The first conference of the enslaved peoples of the east of Europe and Asia. Idea and Rank]. Hromadsko-politychnyi zhurnal, 3, 15 [in Ukrainian].

Zahrebelnyi, I. Irratsionalizm, voliuntaryzm, romantyzm yak filosofski osnovy ideolohii ukrainskoho natsionalizmu [Irrationalism, voluntarism, romanticism as the philosophical foundations of the ideology of Ukrainian nationalism]. Retrieved from http://dontsov-nic.org.ua/index.php?m=content&d=view&cid=114 [in Ukrainian].

Illienko, A. (2009). Pytannia elity v ideolohii ukrainskoho natsionalizmu [The question of the elite in the ideology of Ukrainian nationalism]. Ukraina: kulturna spadshchyna, natsionalna svidomist, derzhavnist – Ukraine: Cultural Heritage, National Identity, Statehood, 18, 674–681 [in Ukrainian].

Korniichuk, O. Idei Stepana Bandery ta yikh vtilennia v umovakh sohodennia [The ideas of Stepan Bandera and their embodiment in the present]. Retrieved from https://vilneslovo.com/%D1%96%D0%B4%D0%B5%D1%97-%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B0-%D0%B1%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B4%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B8-%D1%82%D0%B0-%D1%97%D1%85-%D0%B2%D1%82%D1%96%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8F-%D0%B2-%D1%83/ [in Ukrainian].

Korshuk, R. M. (2017). Kontseptsiia natsionalno-vyzvolnoi revoliutsii v tvorchii spadshchyni Stepana Bandery [Conception of the national liberation revolution in the creative heritage of Stepan Bandera]. Derzhava i pravo, 77, 3–17 [in Ukrainian].

Syrotiuk, Yu. Stepan Bandera pro suchasnist [Stepan Bandera about the present]. Retrieved from http://ukrnationalism.com/publications/1967-stepan-bandera-pro-suchasnist.html [in Ukrainian].

Slyvka, M. (2009). Pytannia mizhnarodnoho spivrobitnytstva ukrainskoho natsionalno-vyzvolnoho rukhu v spadshchyni Stepana Bandery [The question of international cooperation of the Ukrainian national liberation movement in the legacy of Stepan Bandera]. Halychyna, 15–16, 139–144 [in Ukrainian].

Shliakhtych, R. (2013). Kontseptsiia Frontu ponevolenykh natsii u pratsiakh propahandystiv OUN(b) povoiennoho chasu [Concept of the Front of the Forced Nations in the writings of propagandists of OUN(b) of postwar time]. Ukrainskyi vyzvolnyi rukh, 18, 110–116 [in Ukrainian].

Published
2020-08-30
How to Cite
Bondar, Y. (2020). Stepan Bandera as a theorist of the Ukrainian national liberation struggle. Scientific and Theoretical Almanac Grani, 23(6-7), 14-25. https://doi.org/10.15421/172061
Section
SOCIOLOGY