Cath-all-party: theoretical-methodological framework of learning and ideology position on the example of parliamentary elections of 2019
AbstractThe article highlights the basic scientific approaches to understanding the concept of "electoral party", identifies trends in the evolution of understanding of the term and the change of scientific paradigms in its interpretation. The authors conclude that the electoral party is a modern kind of party characterized by blurring the boundaries of the social base, the lack of a clear ideology and professionalization and personalization of its internal structure.The article reveals the historical evolution and formation of modern approaches to the interpretation of the "electoral party", identifies their varieties. The main subtypes of electoral parties include: electoral-professional parties, cartel parties, stratarchies, modern personnel parties, program parties, business firm parties, "big tent".Content analysis of the programs of the parliamentary parties in 2019, namely, "Sluga narodu", OPHZ, "Batkivshyna", "Golos" and "European Solidarity", using the formula of Hee Min Kim and Richard Fording, determined the ideological position of each of them. Authors conclude that most of 2019 parliamentary parties tend to be centrist and don’t have clear ideological position.Thus, it has been found that by most attributes, parliamentary parties in Ukraine can be classified as electoral, because by eroding the social base and trying to get support from the widest possible electoral circle, parliamentary parties lose their ideological attachment. It allows them to get maximum electoral resalt (Sluga narodu? 2019), but is counterproductive in terms of abuse of populism and inability to fulfill all program promises. The most conservative political forces include European Solidarity and the Voice. At the same time, it is the least liberal in terms of the ideological content of the OPZZ.
Partija "Sluga narodu" [Party "Servant of the People"]. Sluga narodu: veb-sait – Servant of the People: website. Retrieved from https://sluga-narodu.com/ [in Ukrainian].
Prohrama partiji "VO" Batkivshyna [The program of the party "VO" Motherland]. Centralna vyborcha komisija: veb-sait – Central Election Commission: website. Retrieved from https://www.cvk.gov.ua/pls/vnd2019/wp502pt001f01=919pf7171=328.html [in Ukrainian]
Programa partiji «Golos» [Program of the party "GOLOS"]. Centralna vyborcha komisija: veb-sait – Central Election Commission: website. Retrieved from https://www.cvk.gov.ua/pls/vnd2019/wp502pt001f01=919pf7171=389.html [in Ukrainian]
Prohrama Partiji "Europejska Solidarnist" [The program of the party "European Solidarity"]. Centralna vyborcha komisija: veb-sait – Central Election Commission: website. Retrieved from https://www.cvk.gov.ua/pls/vnd2019/wp502pt001f01=919pf7171=335.html [in Ukrainian]
Programa partiji OPZZH [The program of the party OPZZH]. Centralna vyborcha komisija: veb-sait – Central Election Commission: website. Retrieved from https://www.cvk.gov.ua/pls/vnd2019/wp502pt001f01=919pf7171=393.html [in Ukrainian]
Programa partiji "Sluga narodu" [The program of the party "Servant of the People".]. Centralna vyborcha komisija: veb-sait – Central Election Commission: website. Retrieved from https://www.cvk.gov.ua/pls/vnd2019/wp502pt001f01=919pf7171=403.html [in Ukrainian]
Protocol Centralnoji vyborchoji komisiji pro resultaty vyboriv narodnyh depytativ Ukrajiny u zahalnoderzavnomu bahatomandatnomu vyborchomu okruzi [Protocol of the Central Election Commission on the results of the elections of people's deputies of Ukraine in the national multi-member constituency]. Retrieved from https://www.cvk.gov.ua/vibory_category/vibori-narodnih-deputative-ukraini.html [in Ukrainian]
Slipetska, J.M. (2018). Elektoralni partii: ideolohichne pozytsionuvannia parlamentskykh partii v Ukraini [Electoral parties: ideological positioning of parliamentary parties in Ukraine]. Scientific and theoretical almanac «Grani», 21(12), 4–15 [in Ukrainian].
Shveda, Yu. (2013). Politychni partiji Ukrajiny: vyborchi partiji chy vyborchi proekty? [Political parties of Ukraine: election parties or election projects?]. Visnyk Lvivskoho universytetu. Serija Philosophsko-politolohichni studiji – Visnyk of the Lviv University Philosophical Political studies, 3, 176–180. Retrieved from http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Vlu_fps_2013_3_20 [in Ukrainian].
Shveda, Yu. R. (2004). Teorija politychnyh partij i partijnyh system [Theory of political parties and party systems]. Lviv: Triada Plus. Retrieved from http://filelibsnu.at.ua/navchalno-metod/uchebniki/Shveda_Yu-Teoriya_politychnyx_partij_ta_partijnyx_.pdf [in Ukrainian].