Humanitarian component of formation of communicative competences of students of technical university
AbstractIn the article, the authors consider education as a decisive condition for the formation of key personality competencies. The issue of the humanization of technical education is very relevant today. The authors believe that the generation of a technogenic type of culture leads to the spiritual impoverishment of the individual. There is a dehumanization of education, which turns into the development of future engineers only professional skills. The authors believe that the restriction of the humanitarian cycle of disciplines in technical universities casts doubt on the possibility of training engineers who combine high professionalism with well-developed communicative competencies. Particular attention is paid to the place and role of the study of philosophy, which, according to I. Kant, poses its task so that “a person has the courage to live with his own mind.” The authors note that the issue of awareness of oneself as a person, the society in which they live, the values on which relationships between people and children are raised, may arise precisely in the situation if the future engineer is given the opportunity to become acquainted with the philosophy of Platon, Kant or Hegel, with Marx and Heidegger. Most of the students, who are not interested in the issues of the world and the place of the person in it, are the ones who need an explanation of the real state of affairs and those issues that academic philosophy says.The authors reveal the content of the concept of the human factor - that means, first of all, to understand a person, enter the world of his interests, needs, expectations, comprehend many of his actions. , i.e. see his personality. The authors proceed from the fact that the selection of competencies at the moment remains one of the urgent problems of education in the context of a competency-based approach. Accordingly, the purpose of education is related to the formation of key competencies (competencies). It is concluded that the positioning of education (primarily professional) in the field of social meanings depends on the competence content of education.
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