State border as social institute and cultural construct: prospects of sociological analysis
AbstractThe paper examines theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of state borders. Complexity of the concept of state border is analyzed as variable and depending on the historical, political and sociocultural context. The author considers the possibility of studying the border as a social institution and as a cultural construct. The author notes that institutionally border forms quite clearly, and most sociological theories refer to this concept is the light of the functional approach. However, we should also pay attention to such important factors as the everyday practices of individuals, cultural and symbolic factors, without them understanding of the place and the role of the state border is almost impossible. The study of the state border only as a social institution is insufficient and it leads to the need for updating the sociocultural approach. In particular, the applicability of functional and sociocultural approaches were analyzed as well as prospects of interdisciplinary study of the state border of Ukraine and borders in general. So, based on the principles of sociology, cultural studies, political science, history and considering the boundary in the light of various scientific disciplines can get the most complete and perfect answers to the key research questions. The geopolitical position of Europe has undergone significant changes over the last century. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the formation of new sovereign states on its territory gave impetus to a rethinking of the nature and structure of space. This creates the need for a detailed study of the global processes taking place around, in particular, the research on the construction of new identities in the post-Soviet space, the consequences and perceptions of the growing level of European integration, the need to adopt a unified model of nation building and the development of a strategy for the development of countries that have gained independence in the 1990s remain relevant. years The role of state borders varies both in European and in the post-Soviet space. External neighbors create the need for a new border policy. Another is the correlation of functions, the borders between the post-Soviet countries, which were previously conditional, were strengthened. All of this forces scientists to pay special attention to studying the boundaries.
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