Reflexive modernization: the problem of interpretation
AbstractThe article deals with the analysis of the contemporary sociological analysts (U. Beck, E. Giddens, P. Sztompka, etc.) from a position of opening the specific concept of reflexive modernization, its features, value prediction methods for searching, managing and controlling risks in society, the occurrence of which is due to the modernization processes. It is alleged, that the concept of «reflexive modernization» is ambivalent, as combining two opposite characteristics. On the one hand, are created reason to hope that reflexivity is able to control the processes of modernization in society, their consequences and risks associated with them. On the other hand, the reflection of social reality does not guarantee avoiding such elements as uncertainty and unpredictability. The positive side of reflexivity ordering components can be crossed advantage of such features of modernization progress as eksperymental nature of social development, loss the control over the process and further increase the risks and dangers. The active advancement of scientific and technological progress, changes in ecology, which are related to the onslaught of the technosphere on the biosphere, global integration in the economy affect now all geopolitical processes and social phenomena of a planetary society. In these conditions, it is vital to analyze and research alternative ways of development of society in order to eliminate the negative effects of utilitarian and pragmatic-positivist attitudes toward social reality events. The problem of the transition from the post-industrial, information society to the computer engineering and artificial intelligence society imposes new obligations on man. From this perspective, the study of various parameters of modernization, the risk options associated with it, is one of the most important and relevant objects of experiments in the socio-philosophical discourse of our time. The works of such prominent scholars in the field as N. Luman, P. Shompky, E. Gidens, W. Beck, S. Lesch and others reveal the multifaceted aspects of theoretical interpretations of modernization, its types, the main stages and their subsequent influences on modern society.
Bek U. Obschestvo riska: Na puti k drugomu modernu (Risk Society: Towards a different modernity). – M.: ProgressTraditsiya, 2000. – 383 р.
Giddens E. Sudba, risk i bezopasnost (Fate, risk and safety). THESIS. 1994. № 5. Р. 107134
Giddens A. The Consequence of Modernity. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1990. 188 p.