Features of (re) configuration of public spaces in the city: to the issue of actualization of the problem in scientific discourse

  • Н. К. Міхно Харківський національний університет імені В.Н. Каразіна
Keywords: public space, social space, city, privacy, urbanism


Within the framework of the article, the main attention has been focused on revealing the peculiarities ofchanging the configuration of public spaces in cities. Such changes are conditioned, on the one hand, by thechange of the society’s social fabric - shifts in the socio-cultural, information and communication spaces, and,on the other hand, are determined by a number of methodological shifts in the scientific sphere. Dynamics ofviews of a number of foreign and domestic researchers on the outlined problem area have been described, specialattention have been focused on theoretical structures suggested by such scientists as M. Weber, G. Simmel, F.Tunnis, I. Hoffman, P. Bourdieu, H. Arendt, J. Habermas J. Urry, Z. Bauman, J. Jacobs, W. White, R. Sennett, R.Oldenburg. The influence of modern Ukrainian sociologists on the expansion of the body of theoretical texts,devoted to the analysis of changes in urban public spaces in modern cities, has been assessed, in particular,the ideas of A. Petrenko-Lysak, A. Hodus and I. Tishchenko have been studied. Based on the methodologicalorientation to the understanding of the city as a cultural text, it has been proven that the urban space has a richsymbolic and semiotic load, and that publicity in the city arises as a result of the symbolic and deterministicphenomenon of «imaginary social meanings». The general characteristics of classical public spaces in cities,such as the accessibility, comfort, clear functionality, fullness of activity, equality of participants, free accessto space, safety, have been distinguished. The space should occupy a concrete city territory and provide anopportunity to meet unknown people. It has been noted that modern cities and megacities limit and minimizepersonal space, but increase public space. It has been shown that hybrid public-private spaces are unique phenomena, the emergence of which became possible only at the present stage of cities’ development. Theheuristic potential of the existence of «third places» and «fourth places» concept in urban spaces in modernsociety has been highlighted.


1. Arendt, H. (2000). VITA ACTIVA, Ili o deyatelnoy zhizni [VITA ACTIVA, Or about an active life]. Retrieved from:
http://onrevolution.narod.ru/arendt/vita_activa2.htm [in Russian].
2. Zimmel, G. (2002). Bolshie goroda i duhovnaya zhizn [Big cities and spiritual life]. Logos, 3-4 (34), 23-34 [in Russian].
3. Burde, P. (2007). Sotsiologiya sotsialnogo prostranstva [Sociology of Social Space]. Moskva: Institut
eksperimentalnoy sotsiologii [in Russian].
4. Urban, O. (2017). Vzaiemodiia publichnoho ta pryvatnoho prostoriv v ukrainskomu misti [Interaction of public and
private space in the Ukrainian city]. Kulturolohiia, 37(50), 39-45 [in Ukrainian].
5. Gofman, I. (2009). Ritual vzaimodeystviya: Ocherki vzaimodeystviya litsom k litsu [Ritual of interaction: Essays
on face-to-face interaction]. Moskva: Smyisl [in Russian].
6. Kovalska-Pavelko, I. (2014). Istorychna rehionalistyka, istorychne kraieznavstvo ta istorychnaurbanistyka:
demarkatsiia predmetnykh poliv [Historical regional studies, historical studies and historical studies: demarcation of
subject fields]. “Grani”, 6(110), 161-167 [in Ukrainian].
7. Antonova, A. (2017). Klassifikatsiya publichnyih prostranstv v sovremennoy gorodskoy culture [Classification of
public spaces in modern urban culture]. Urbanistika, 3, 74-80 [in Russian]. DOI: 10.7256/2310-8673.2017.3.24020.
8. Petrenko-Lyisak, A. (2016). Mobilnyiy urbanizm v tranzit(iv)nyih mestah gorodskogo landshafta [Mobile urbanism
in transit places of urban landscape]. Labirint. Zhurnal sotsialno-gumanitarnyih issledovaniy, 5, 17-24 [in Russian].
9. Oldenburg, R. (2014). Trete mesto: kafe, kofeyni, knizhnyie magazinyi, baryi, salonyi krasotyi i drugie mesta
«tusovok» kak fundament soobschestva [Third place: cafes, coffee houses, bookstores, bars, beauty salons and other
places of “hangouts” as the foundation of the community]. Moskva: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie [in Russian].
10. Sennet, R. (2010). Plot grazhdanstvennosti. Multikulturnyiy Nyu-York [The flesh of citizenship. Multicultural
New York]. Neprikosnovennyiy zapas, 2 (70) [in Russian].
11. Mezentseva, N., Palchuk, M. (2016). Publichni prostory mist: osmyslennia cherez pryzmu zarubizhnoho dyskursu [Public
space: comprehension through the prism of foreign discourse]. Ekonomichna ta sotsialna heohrafiia, 76, 19-26 [in Ukrainian].
12. Vershinina, I. (2012). Sotsiologiya goroda Richarda Senneta: transformatsiya publichnoy sferyi [Sociology of
Richard Sennett: Transformation of the Public Sphere]. Vestnyk. Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija. 18. Sotsiologiya i
politologiya, 4, 154-161 [in Russian].
13. Zaiets, D. (2012). Uiavliaiuchy publichne: sotsiokulturna interpretatsiia publichnosti mista [Disclosing Publicity:
Social and Cultural Interpretation of Public Publicity]. Retrieved from: http://ela.kpi.ua/bitstream/123456789/3290/1/12_
zayets_do_imagining_the_public.pdf [in Ukrainian].
14. Khodus, O. (2018). Fenomenolohiia pryvatnosti: dosvid sotsialno-filosofskoho doslidzhennia [Phenomenology of
privacy: additional social and philosophical access]. Dnipro: Litohraf [in Ukrainian].
15. Tyiheeva, Yu. (2002) Chelovek v gorodskom prostranstve (filosofsko-antropologicheskie osnovaniya urbanologii) [Man in
urban space (philosophical and anthropological foundations of urbanology)]. Retrieved from: http://www.mosgu.ru/nauchnaya/
publications/professor.ru/Tyheeva [in Russian].
16. Tyshchenko, I. (2015). Shcho take miskyi publichnyi prostir?[ What is also a public publication?]. Retrieved from:
https://mistosite.org.ua/ru/articles/shcho-take-miskyi-publichnyi-prostir [in Ukrainian].
17. Neal, Z., Orum, A. (2009). Common ground? Readings and Reflections on Public Space. New York : Routledge.
18. Hutter, M. (2012). Experiencing cities. Boston.
19. Scheller, M., Urry, J. (2003). Mobile Transformations of “Public’ and ‘Private” Life. Theory, Culture and Society, 3, 107-125.
How to Cite
Міхно, Н. К. (2019). Features of (re) configuration of public spaces in the city: to the issue of actualization of the problem in scientific discourse. Grani, 22(7), 13-20. https://doi.org/10.15421/171969