Social-philosophical analysis of human’s aggression


  • Е. O. Скиба Дніпропетровський державний університет внутрішніх справ
Keywords: violence, society, social, aggression, power, action, instinct, strength, authority

Abstract

To analyze the nature of the aggressiveness of human behavior in society we are to characterize the components of aggression, their varieties and their role in the formation of socio-cultural discourse. Consequently when having studied different theories we see different forms of human aggression. To understand the essence of the aggressiveness is also necessary to trace the place and role of violence. Moreover we stressed it is important to analyze the interaction of instrumental methods for the realization of power relations in the society. To implement the intended goal, it is expedient to use the method of comparative analysis with the use of various approaches. As a result we see the principle of methodological pluralism make it possible to study the phenomenon of aggression, its forms and elements through the prism of philosophical and theoretical proves. The system approach provides the consideration of the problem in its correlation with such social systems as power, public action, and political activity. The high level of aggression testifies to the impossibility of modern society to cope with the destructive effect of this phenomenon. An approach to the phenomenon of aggression, which takes into account both the various factors, affected it, and the dual nature of human aggression, can help to solve the problem. Philosophical aspect of the analysis of human aggression points to the need to study socio-cultural discourse. The implementation of such an analysis indicates the need to follow the principles of methodological pluralism, which reveals the dual nature of human aggression. When studing the phenomena we can see the state of the psyche is predetermined by different factors that play a mutually important role. The biological nature in the process of the need to put into practice socially significant projects is intensified bycognitive and emotional processes. But it can be corrected by the actual social conditions in combination with the previous learning of the individual. As the result we signify that the analysis of socio-cultural discourse on the principles of methodological pluralism reveals the dual nature of human aggression. We proved that this mental state, defined as the desire to harm or damage another person, has different degrees of expression, different motives and goals. This diversity allowed analyzing that in anthropological aggression both are responsible social factors and biological factors. Such an analysis reveals the essence of aggression as a phenomenon that is determined by the heterogeneous factors of human existence in the world. Psychic energy, manifested in man as consciousness, serves as a factor in the further evolution of man, including his psyche. As the benefit of research we prove that this fact imposes responsibility both on the individual and on the socio-cultural discourse of society. Having established the dual nature of the nature of human aggression, we come to the conclusion that the modern people, in order to preserve themselves and society, must take responsibility to their own emotionally mental outbursts and integrate these outbursts into a constructive beginning. All social institutes must undrrstand their direct responsibility in solving this problem. It is the single way to avoid the pattern of distructive violence in society.

References

1. Арендт Х. О насилии / Х. Арендт. – М.: Новое наследие, 2014. – 148 с.
2. Бэрон Р. Агрессия / Р. Берон, Д. Ричардсог. – СПб: Питер, 2001. – 352 с.
3. Гоббс Т. Человеческая природа / Т. Гоббс // Сочинения в 2 т. – Т.1. – М.: Мысль, 1989. – 622 с.
4. Гнатенко П. Психология агрессивности человека / П. Гнатенко. – Киев: Наукова думка, 2017. – 172 с.
5. Гуггенбюль-Крей А. Благословенное насилие. В книге Гуггенбюль-Крейг А. Благо Сатаны. Парадоксы психологии / А. Гуггенбюль-Крей. – СПб., 1997. С. 64-79.
6. Декарт Р. Рассуждение о методе / Р. Декарт. Сочинения в 2 т. – Т. 1. – М.: Мысль, 1989. – 654 с.
7. Камю А. Бунтующий человек / А. Камю. – М.: Политиздат, 1990 . – 415 с.
8. Лейбниц Г. Новые опыты о человеческом разумении / Г. Лейбниц // Сочинения в 4-х т. – Т. 2. – М., 1983. – С. 75-93.
9. Локк Дж. Опыт о человеческом разумении / Дж. Локк // Сочинения в 3-х т. – Т. 1., Т. 3. – М.: Мысль, 1985. – 621 с.
10. Романов Н. Н. Образ будущего: онтологический очерк о настоящем мире / Н. Н. Романов, В. Н. Петрушов. – Харьков: Издатель Алесандр Савчук, 2017. – 108 с.
11. Aggression and Violence. (A Social and Psychological Perspective) / ed. Brad J. Bushman. – Routledge, 2016. – 340 с.
12. Gavin H. Female Aggression / H. Gavin, T. Porter. – Wiley-Blackwell, 2014. – 240 p.
Published
2019-07-04
How to Cite
Скиба, Е. (2019). Social-philosophical analysis of human’s aggression. Grani, 22(5), 66-76. https://doi.org/10.15421/171955
Section
Статті