Sociocultural adaptation of foreign youth to the Ukrainian students: anthroposociology the context

Keywords: sociocultural socialization, mentality, spirituality, maladjustment, social maladjustment, adaptation of foreign youth in Ukraine, students of Ukraine

Abstract

Purpose. To study the features of socio-cultural adaptation of young people in the Ukrainian student environment. To justify the leading role anthropogenetics factor in the processes of adaptation in modern society. To highlight the importance of individual, social and spiritual in the development of youth society. Theoretical basis. Taking into account the ambiguity of the goal, the following methods were used in the study: the system method, the methodology of complex socio-cultural research, the method of ascent from the abstract to the concrete, inductive and deductive methods, anthroposociogenetic method. The system method was used to achieve in the theoretical and cognitive basis of understanding the relationship of the main categories of research: «socio-cultural», «adaptation», «socio-cultural adaptation», «socialization», «mentality», «spirituality», «disadaptation”, «social and cultural exclusion». The methodology of complex socio-cultural research, authored by E. R. Borinstein, was used to obtain comprehensive socio-cultural data on the groups studied at the beginning, during and at the end of the study. The method of ascent from concrete to abstract was used, based on the need to move from the analysis of the conceptual apparatus and the theoretical essence of the problem to a specific study of the problems facing Ukrainian students, multicultural in nature and in need of effective methods of social adaptation to the constantly transforming conditions of existence in the new socio-cultural environment. Anthroposociology method, based on the originality and independence of thought of the person allowed to reveal the spiritual-existential essence of Ukrainian students, identify its transcendental characteristics. The scientific novelty of the results is that for the first time in the Ukrainian socio-philosophical thought developed and conducted a comprehensive study of the features of socio-cultural adaptation of foreign youth, which is part of the Ukrainian students to the ever-changing socio-cultural environment. The results of the study provide an opportunity to deepen knowledge about the value orientations of modern youth, to create a model of socio-cultural adaptation in a constantly transforming society. Summary. Social and cultural adaptation of foreign students in case of complex (social, cultural, economic, psychological and political) solution of the issues is the most effective. Further implementation of the project will help students to effectively adapt to the new socio-cultural conditions of their lives and improve the quality and level of education of students, providing a highly motivated mastery of knowledge, skills and abilities. The proposed set of measures to study the effective adaptation of students is one of the steps to solve this problem in a wider range of socio-cultural adaptation of different groups of Ukrainian society.

References

1.Borinshtejn, Je.R. (2006). Osoblyvosti sociokuljturnoji transformaciji suchasnogho ukrajinsjkogho suspiljstva [Features of the sociocultural transformation of modern Ukrainian society]. Odesa: Astroprynt [in Ukrainian].
2.Gholovakha, Je. (1997). Suspiljstvo, shho transformujetjsja. Dosvid sociologhichnogho monitorynghu v Ukrajini [Transforming society. The experience of sociological monitoring in Ukraine]. Kyiv: In-t sociologhiji NANU [in Ukrainian].
3.Dyurkgeym, E. (1998). Samoubiystvo. Sotsiologicheskiy etyud [Suspension, transform. Dosvіd sociologicheskogo monitoringu in Ukraine]. Saint Petersburg: Soyuz [in Russian].
4.Zaremba, O., & Fedorenko O. (2011). Modernizacijnyj dyskurs identychnosti v ukrajinsjkomu suspiljstvi na pochatku KhKhI stolittja [Modernization Discourse of Identity in Ukrainian Society at the Beginning of the XXI Century]. Naukovi zapysky Instytutu politychnykh i etnonacionaljnykh doslidzhenj im. I.F. Kurasa NAN Ukrajiny, 5 (55), 40-55 [in Ukrainian].
5.Kavalerov, A.A. (2001). Cinnistj u sociokuljturnij transformaciji [Value in socio-cultural transformation]. Odesa: Astroprynt [in Ukrainian].
6.Katajev, S.L. (2006). Suchasne ukrajinsjke suspiljstvo [Contemporary Ukrainian Society]. Kyiv: Centr navchaljnoji literatury [in Ukrainian].
7.Li, W., Zhang, L., Liu, B. & Cao H. (2013). The impact of negative interpersonal life events on social adaptation of Chinese college students: mediator effect of self – esteem. Social Behavior and Personality, 41 (5), 705-714.
8.Mykhajlova, O.Ju. (2014). Bloghosfera jak instrument sociokuljturnykh transformacij v suchasnij Ukrajini [The blogosphere as an instrument of socio-cultural transformations in modern Ukraine]. Naukovi zapysky Instytutu politychnykh i etnonacionaljnykh doslidzhenj im. I. F. Kurasa NAN Ukrajiny, 4-5 (72-73), 130-141 [in Ukrainian].
9.Pobeda, N.A. (Ed.). (1999). Molodezhnaya subkultura [Youth subculture]. Odessa: Astroprint [in Russian].
10.Motti-Stefanidi, F. & Salmela-Аро, K. (2018). Problems and resources for the positive adaptation of immigrant youth. What does scientific proof show us? European Psychologist, 23, 1-5. 10.1027/1016-9040/a000315.
11.Naghorna, L. (2011). Sociokuljturna identychnistj: problema tezaurusu [Socio-cultural identity: the problem of thesaurus]. Naukovi zapysky Instytutu politychnykh i etnonacionaljnykh doslidzhenj im. I. F. Kurasa NAN Ukrajiny, 5 (55), 56-74 [in Ukrainian].
12.Orlenko, I.M., (2018). Sociokuljturna adaptacija molodi v studentsjkomu seredovyshhi [Sociocultural adaptation of youth in a student’s environment]. IV mizhnarodna naukova konferencija «Metodologhija ta tekhnologhija suchasnogho filosofsjkogho piznannja» – IV international scientific conference «Methodology and technology of modern philosophical knowledge». Odesa: DZ «PNPU imeni K. D. Ushynsjkogho»
[in Ukrainian].
13.Piazhe, Zh. (1969). Proiskhozhdenie intellekta u detey The Origin of the Intellect in Children]. Izbrannye psikhologicheskie trudy. Psikhologiya intellekta u detey. Genezis chisla u rebenka. Logika i psikhologiya. Moscow: Prosveshchenie [in Russian].
14.Ruchka, A. (1994). Osobennosti sistemnoy transformatsii sovremennogo ukrainskogo obshchestva [Features of the systemic transformation of modern Ukrainian society]. Sovremennoe obshchestvo, 4, 6-15 [in Russian].
15.Sokuryanskaya, L.G. (2006). Studenchestvo na puti k drugomu obshchestvu: tsennostnyy diskurs perekhoda [Students on the way to another society: the value discourse of transition]. Kharkov: KhNU imeni V. N. Karazina [in Russian].
16.Sorokin, P.A. (1994). Sotsiokulturnaya dinamika i evolyutsionizm [Sociocultural Dynamics and Evolutionism]. Amerikanskaya sotsiologicheskaya mysl. Moscow [in Russian].
17.Shtompka, P.A. (1996). Sotsiologiya sotsialnykh izmeneniy [Studying different aspects of social adaptation]. Moscow: Yuniti [in Russian].
18.Terziev, V. (2017). Studying different aspects of social adaptation. International Health. 1352-1361. 10.2139/ssrn.3143184.
19.Ting-Toomey, S. (2017). Identity Negotiation Theory. In The International Encyclopedia of Intercultural Communication. 10.1002/9781118783665.ieicc0039
20.Halapsis, A.V. (2016). Digital technologies and reforging the iron men. ScienceRise, 24 (7/1), 55-61. 10.15587/2313-8416.2016.69141
21.Wang, J., Hong, J.-Z. & Pi, Z.-L., (2015). Cross – cultural adaptation: the impact of online social support and the role of gender. Social Behavior and Personality, 43 (1), 111-122. 10.2224/sbr.2015.43.1.111
Published
2019-02-05
How to Cite
Borinshteyn, E. R., Kisse, A. I., & Orlenko, I. N. (2019). Sociocultural adaptation of foreign youth to the Ukrainian students: anthroposociology the context. Grani, 21(12), 42-51. https://doi.org/10.15421/1718163
Section
Article