Why should dual higher education be developed in Ukraine? Sociological analysis

Keywords: higher education, dual education, labor market, education market, educational services, content of education, vocational education, employers, students

Abstract

The article is devoted to the problem of interaction of the labor market and higher education in modern Ukrainian society. On the basis of the analysis of statistical data and the results of sociological surveys of different categories of the population, it is concluded that the market of educational services in the present-day Ukraine functions, mainly in itself, poorly interacting with the labor market. It is noted that the significant manifestation of the structural imbalance of supply and demand in the labor market is the discrepancy between the structure, volume and quality of graduates’ training of higher education institutions for the needs of employers, the economy of Ukraine as a whole, as well as informal and part-time employment, part-time, and the widespread practice of employment of graduates of educational institutions is not specialty, labor migration, the inability of the educational services market to react in a timely manner to the changes taking place in the labor market. Overcoming the separation of higher education from the domestic labor market is impossible without increasing of relationship between theoretical and practical training of students. The article emphasizes that this, as the European experience shows, can be effectively carried out through the introduction of dual education in Ukraine under the current conditions. After all, the dual education system, as one of the modern models of co-operation in training with production, meets the interests of all parties involved in it - employers, students, higher education institutions, as well as the state. The article emphasizes that this, as the European experience shows, can be effectively implemented under the current conditions through the introduction of dual education in Ukraine. After all, the dual education system, as one of the modern models of co-operation in training with production, meets the interests of all parties involved in it - employers, students, higher education institutions, as well as the state. It is noted that the elements of dual education in the form of a combination of work with education in the format of education in the evening or correspondence form of study, as well as in the format of educational institutions at large industrial enterprises, existed in the Soviet Union during the heyday there planning and administrative systems, but in the transition to a market economy in the post-Soviet countries were neglected. Attention is drawn to the fact that dual education should not be idealized, it has not only advantages but also certain limitations. A dual form of training is not suitable for all and not always, not for each specialty. It is best suited for training professionals in areas such as economics, business administration, engineering, social security. Limited possibilities of using dual education in the preparation of art critics and humanists. The article states that the idea of introducing dual higher education in Ukraine is positively perceived as the direction of the branch ministry of education and ordinary citizens. The data of the sociological survey of inhabitants of the Dnieper in the city about the fact that the introduction of dual education, according to citizens, should not be obligatory for all universitys or all students and should start only from the senior courses of study.

References

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Published
2018-11-15
How to Cite
Giluyn, O. V., & Kolisnyk, L. O. (2018). Why should dual higher education be developed in Ukraine? Sociological analysis. Grani, 21(10), 86-95. https://doi.org/10.15421/1718133
Section
Article